I couldn't tell you an exact quote but one example that springs to mind is when Cyrus rebels against Media and a general under Astyages rebels by the name of Harpagus this was due to him being fed his son by Astyages earlier on seems a bit unlikely to me. Another example would be the crushing of the Babylonians in the Babylonian revolt in which a chap called Zopyrus cuts off his ears and nose which is replicated in a story written in Livy's history of Rome so is possibly a recurring theme in Ancient History. He wasn't very reliable at all but he is certainly the best we have about the persians especially in comparison to Ctesias. What you have to remember is that historians works were meant to entertain in the ancient world and so exaggeration is likely. Herodotus is particularly unreliable when it comes to Cambyses II.
(Original post by velvetbrain)
Do you know any quotes from Herodotus' work which may suggest he likes to exaggerate events?
The only one I can remember is the quote in which he describes the courage of a Greek soldier at the battle of Marathon, who in a desperate attempt to stop the Persians from fleeing, grabbed one of the ships with his hands. His arms were then dismembered and then he used his teeth...
Do you think Herodotus is a reliable historian?
Last edited by scottstacey; 17-05-2012 at 18:15.