PAPER 1 (Faculty Lectures and College Classes throughout the year)
This paper is designed to introduce you to ways of thinking and writing about literature.
King James Bible (Genesis, Song of Solomon, St John’s Gospel)
Shakespeare, The Tempest
Conrad, Heart of Darkness
A. Bennett and N. Royle, An Introduction to Literature, Criticism and Theory: Key Critical Concepts (3rd ed., 2004)
J. Lennard, The Poetry Handbook (1996, 2nd ed, 2005)
Lodge, D., ed., Modern Criticism and Theory: A Reader (2nd edn revd. Nigel Wood, 2000)
-----------------, Twentieth Century Literary Criticism: A Reader (1988)
J.Wolfreys, Glossolalia: An Alphabet of Critical Keywords (2003)
Shlomith Rimmon-Kenan, Narrative Fiction: Contemporary Poetics (1983).
David Lodge, The Art of Fiction (1992).
M.H. Abrams, A Glossary of Literary Terms (7th ed., 1999).
a) Victorian Literature (1832-1900)
CLASSES: Required Preliminary Reading
Ruskin, Sesame and Lilies; Robert Browning, Men and Women; Dickens, Little Dorrit; Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Aurora Leigh (World’s Classics); Boehmer, ed. Empire Writing (OUP); George Eliot, Daniel Deronda, Mary Kingsley, Travels in West Africa (Everyman); Arnold, ‘Empedocles on Etna’, ‘Sohrab and Rustum’ (and ‘The Study of Poetry’, ‘On Translating Homer’, and the Prefaces to Poems 1853 and 1854); Clough, The Bothie.
TUTORIALS: Choose any two or three authors
Mrs Gaskell, Mary Barton, North and South, Sylvia’s Lovers, Cranford.
Hardy, A Pair of Blue Eyes, The Woodlanders, The Mayor of Casterbridge, Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Jude the Obscure.
George Eliot, Adam Bede, The Mill on the Floss, Middlemarch, Felix Holt.
Henry James, The Portrait of a Lady, What Maisie Knew, The Turn of the Screw, The Ambassadors, The Figure in the Carpet, The Spoils of Poynton.
The Brontes, Villette, The Professor, Jane Eyre, Wuthering Heights.
Dickens, Sketches by Boz, Pickwick Papers, Oliver Twist, Great Expectations, Bleak House, Our Mutual Friend.
Conan Doyle, A Study in Scarlet, The Sign of the Four, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes, and The Hound of the Baskervilles.
Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray, The Importance of Being Earnest, Lady Windermere’s Fan, A Woman of No Importance, An Ideal Husband, ‘The Soul of Man under Socialism’, ‘The Decay of Lying’, ‘The Critic as Artist’, ‘The Truth of Masks’.
‘New Woman’ Fiction/Drama: Olive Schreiner, The Story of an African Farm, Grant Allen, The Woman Who Did (Oxford), George Egerton, Keynotes and Discords (Virago), The New Woman and other Emancipated Woman Plays (Oxford).
‘Imperial Gothic/Science Fiction’: Stoker, Dracula; Rider Haggard, She and King Solomon’s Mines; H.G. Wells, The War of the Worlds.
Clough, Selected Poems (Carcanet and/or Longman).
Walt Whitman, Collected Poems (Everyman).
Arnold, The Complete Poems (Longman), Culture and Anarchy (Cambridge).
Christina Rossetti, Poems and Prose (Everyman)
Hopkins, Poems and Prose (Penguin)
Pater, Marius the Epicurean, and Essays on Literature and Art (Everyman)
Tennyson, Longman Selected Edition, ed. Christopher Ricks. Read all the shorter poems, plus ‘In Memoriam’, ‘The Princess’, and ‘The Idylls of the King’.
Robert Browning, read all the shorter poems in either Robert Browning’s Poetry (Norton Critical Edition) or Robert Browning: Selected Poetry, ed. Karlin (Penguin), and read The Ring and the Book (Penguin).
b) Modern Literature (1900-Present Day)
CLASSES: Required Preliminary Reading
Woolf, The Voyage Out, The Waves and Between the Acts; Conrad, The ****** of the ‘Narcissus’, Heart of Darkness, and ‘Falk’; Freud, ‘Civilisation and its Discontents’; Joyce, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and at least the first three (‘Telemachus’, ‘Nestor’ and ‘Proteus’) and the thirteenth (‘Nausicaa’) episodes of Ulysses; T. S. Eliot, The Waste Land; J. M. Coetzee, Life & Times of Michael K; Nadine Gordimer, Burger’s Daughter.
TUTORIALS: Choose any two or three authors
Joyce, Dubliners; A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man; Ulysses; Occasional, Critical and Political Writings (World’s Classics).
Conrad, Lord Jim, Nostromo, The Shadow Line, Under Western Eyes, ‘The Secret Sharer’, and ‘The Outpost of Progress’.
Bennett, A Man from the North, The Grim Smile of the Five Towns, Clayhanger, Hilda Lessways, The Old Wives’ Tale.
Woolf, A Writer’s Diary, To the Lighthouse, Mrs Dalloway, Jacob’s Room, Orlando, Three Guineas, A Room of One’s Own, A Woman’s Essays (Penguin).
Beckett, Proust, Murphy, Watt, Molloy, Malone Dies, The Unnameable, The Complete Dramatic Works.
Forster, A Room with a View, A Passage to India, Maurice, Howards End, Abinger Harvest, and Where Angels Fear to Tread, Short Stories.
Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, Kangaroo, Lady Chatterley’s Lover (3 versions), Women in Love, The Rainbow, Short Stories.
Orwell, A Clergyman’s Daughter, Nineteen Eighty-four, Animal Farm, Coming Up for Air, The Penguin Essays of George Orwell.
J. M. Coetzee, Life & Times of Michael K, Foe, Disgrace, Diary of a Bad Year, White Writing (Essays).
V. S. Naipaul, A Bend in the River, The Mimic Men, The Enigma of Arrival, Finding the Centre, The Return of Eva Perón.
Rushdie, Shame, Midnight’s Children, Satanic Verses, Imaginary Homelands (essays).
Auden, The Collected Shorter Poems (Faber), The Collected Longer Poems (Faber).
Hardy, Selected Poems (World’s Classics).
Larkin, Collected Poems (Faber), Required Writing (Faber).
Heaney, Opened Ground: Poems 1966-1996 (Faber), Preoccupations (Faber).
Plath, Collected Poems (Faber), Journals and Letters, The Bell Jar.
Linton Kwesi Johnson, Mi Revalueshanary Fren: Selected Poems (Penguin).
Pinter, Plays 1-4 (Faber).
T.S. Eliot, The Complete Poems and Plays (Faber), Selected Essays (Faber).
W.B. Yeats, Collected Poems (Macmillan), Essays and Introductions (Macmillan).
Wallace Stevens, Collected Poems (Faber).
William Carlos Williams, Collected Poems (Paladin).
Read at least three of the books on this list, including one of literature in translation and one critical introduction. After that, feel free to explore the other materials, including the helpful websites listed here, and by looking at Anglo-Saxon artifacts, architecture and manuscripts in churches, museums, art galleries and online.
Texts in Translation
Anglo-Saxon Poetry, trans. S.A.J. Bradley (Everyman, 1982) [translations of most Old English poems, with brief introductions]
Old and Middle English: An Anthology, ed. Elaine Treharne (Blackwell, 2000) [wide-ranging collection with facing translations of Old English texts]
A Choice of Anglo-Saxon Verse, ed./trans. Richard Hamer (Faber, 1970) [good anthology of Old English texts, with facing translation]
Beowulf, trans. Seamus Heaney (Faber, 1999); or trans. Kevin Crossley-Holland (OUP, 1999); or trans. R.M. Liuzza (Broadview, 2000) [different verse translations of the most important poem in early English. Heaney’s version in particular has, of course, received a lot of praise in its own right.]
The Anglo-Saxon World: An Anthology, ed/trans. Kevin Crossley-Holland (OUP, 1984) [a collection of texts illustrating Anglo-Saxon life and literature, in a lively translation]
Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, trans. Bertram Colgrave (OUP, 1999) [first written in the eighth century; and one of the greatest achievements of any historian; gives a sharp insight into the life and culture of the early Anglo-Saxons. You can also listen to a radio programme discussing Bede and his work via: http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/...20041125.shtml
. Other programmes in the same series discuss the Carolingian renaissance: http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/...20060330.shtml
and King Alfred: http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/...20050407.shtml
Introductions and Discussion
The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature, ed. Malcolm Godden and Michael Lapidge (CUP, 1991) [very useful set of essays on Old English]
Daniel Donoghue, Old English Literature: A Short Introduction (Blackwell, 2004) [helpful introduction aimed at students]
Michelle Brown, Painted Labyrinth: The World of the Lindisfarne Gospels (British Library, 2003) [short guide to one of the most precious and beautiful manuscripts from Anglo-Saxon England]
James Campbell, ed., The Anglo-Saxons (1982, repr. Penguin, 1991) [excellent illustrated history]
Bruce Mitchell and Fred C. Robinson, A Guide to Old English (Blackwell, many reprints) [the textbook for the course, with introduction to Old English language and literary texts. You’ll need to own a copy of this eventually but may be able to buy it secondhand when you arrive]
For Paper 4 (a) or (b) see Paper 2 (a) or (b) above. Most of the reading lists will be provided when you come up, but for Paper 4 (g) – (l) you should make a start on the following:
c) Beowulf and its Cultural Background
Use the paper 3 reading list and focus on Beowulf-related material. Watch the recent film if you want to, but don’t expect the poem to be much like it!
d) Middle English Dream Poetry
Chaucer’s Dream Poetry, ed. Helen Phillips and Nick Havely (1997)
A.C. Spearing, Medieval Dream Poetry (1976)
e) Classical Literature
Homer, Iliad and Odyssey [read in Penguin or Oxford World’s Classics translation]
f) Introduction to Language and Linguistics
R.L. Trask, Language: The Basics (1999)
R.L. Trask, Introducing Linguistics (2005)
Radford et al., Linguistics: An Introduction (2009)
g) Introduction to Critical Theory
Jonathan Culler, Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction (1997).
Rice and Waugh, eds. Modern Literary Theory (4th ed. 2001 or later)
Terry Eagleton, Literary Theory (revised ed., 1996)
h) Christina Rossetti
Christina Rossetti: The Complete Poems (Penguin, 2001)
i) Thomas Hardy
A Pair of Blue Eyes, The Woodlanders, The Mayor of Casterbridge, Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Jude the Obscure, Trumpet Major, The Return of the Native, Selected Poems (World’s Classics)
j) Virginia Woolf
The Voyage Out, The Waves, Between the Acts, A Writer’s Diary, To the Lighthouse, Mrs Dalloway, Jacob’s Room, Orlando, Three Guineas, A Room of One’s Own, A Woman’s Essays (Penguin).
k) Samuel Beckett
Proust, More Pricks than Kicks, Murphy, Watt, Molloy, Malone Dies, The Unnameable, The Complete Dramatic Works
l) Seamus Heaney
Opened Ground: Poems 1966-1996, Preoccupations, The Government of the Tongue.
GENERAL SECONDARY READING
Isobel Armstrong *Victorian Poetry: Poetry, Poetics, and Politics
Derek Attridge *Peculiar Language
Gillian Beer *Darwin’s Plots, Arguing with the Past
Clive Bloom, ed. *Literature and Culture in Modern Britain (vol. 1)
Thomas Carlyle *‘Signs of the Times’, Sartor Resartus (Book 1)
T.S. Eliot The Use of Poetry and The Use of Criticism
Sigmund Freud *Civilization and its Discontents (Penguin, vol.12)
Edmund Gosse Father and Son
Robin Gilmour **The Victorian Period
Josephine Guy *The Victorian Social-Problem Novel
Josephine Guy, ed. **The Victorian Age (Routledge)
Henry James *The Critical Muse: Selected Literary Criticism (Penguin)
Peter Keating *The Haunted Study
David Lodge, ed. **20th Century Literary Criticism
Kolocotroni, et. al. **Modernism: An Anthology of Sources and Documents
Marx and Engels The Communist Manifesto
J.S. Mill Autobiography
Peter Nicholls **Modernisms: A Literary Guide
Friedrich Nietzsche Thus Spake Zarathustra
Plato The Republic
George Orwell Collected Essays (Penguin)
Walter Pater The Renaissance (esp. The Preface and Conclusion; ‘Leonardo da Vinci’)
Ezra Pound The ABC of Reading
John Ruskin Praeterita (Oxford Paperback), Selected Ruskin, ed. John Rosenberg (Routledge)
Charles Taylor Sources of the Self
Herbert Tucker, ed. **A Companion to Victorian Literature and Culture (Blackwells)
Dennis Walder, ed. *Literature in the Modern World
Anthony Weston ***A Rulebook for Arguments (3rd ed, 2001)
Oscar Wilde ‘The Critic as Artist’, ‘The Decay of Lying’