Just one sec...
Hey there! Sign in to join this conversationNew here? Join for free to post

Does a bibliography and/or footnotes count in a word count?

University Navigation

Announcements Posted on
Help us uncover the truth about exam cheats – is cheating ever ok? What if you wouldn't get caught? 27-06-2016
  1. Offline

    Hey guys,

    Finishing up my first essay and just realised that I forgot to check whether footnotes or the bibliography count in word count...

    Thanks in advance,

  2. Offline

    I'm no expert on essays, but I would guess that you should count footmarks in the work count, and that the bibliography does not count towards the word count.

    If anyone with more knowledge contradicts me, then trust them
  3. Offline

    No. You shouldn't count either in the word count! x
  4. Offline

    shouldn't count either.
  5. Offline

    I wouldn't think either would but don't count on me :p:
  6. Offline

    I've been told for english and history that footnotes count, bibliography doesnt.
  7. Offline

    If I ever have footnotes, I do a word count WITH footnotes and a word count without.

    Bibliography should never be included.
  8. Offline

    At UCL, they technically both count, but unofficially neither do.
  9. Offline

    Some don't even count the title, let alone foot-notes and bibliographies. There's no particular hard and fast rule, although I've never heard of a bibliography being counted.
  10. Offline

    It all depends on the specific rules for your course, they should be set out in your departmental handbook. My undergrad dept essays didn't include footnotes or bibliography, but I used to use the word count on Microsoft Word and it was a while before i realised that the built in word count includes footnotes unless you tell it not to but i think each footnote only classes as one word because it is counting the number in the text referring to the footnote not the footnote itself, so to get the correct number do a word count and take away the number of footnotes you have. Hopefully that made sense.
  11. Offline

    The School of Philosophy says
    The word count for all coursework essays should include all footnotes, endnotes,
    and quotes, but should not include the bibliography. Please include the word
    count on the title page of your coursework.
    But that's advice for postgrads, I think. I'm not sure, but if your footnotes are very small, I wouldn't worry about them knocking you slightly over the word count. If you need to state the word count, you could do it twice, including and excluding footnotes.

    Edit: It looks similar for 5th year IR modules... and for 1st year divinity.

    Edit (again): The geography department has a document discouraging people using footnotes to bulk out their word count, but everything else I have found suggests that footnotes count, bibliographies don't.
  12. Offline

    Thanks for all this guys. I'll provide two word counts - one with footnotes and one without.


Submit reply


Thanks for posting! You just need to create an account in order to submit the post
  1. this can't be left blank
    that username has been taken, please choose another Forgotten your password?
  2. this can't be left blank
    this email is already registered. Forgotten your password?
  3. this can't be left blank

    6 characters or longer with both numbers and letters is safer

  4. this can't be left empty
    your full birthday is required
  1. Oops, you need to agree to our Ts&Cs to register
  2. Slide to join now Processing…

Updated: November 3, 2009
TSR Support Team

We have a brilliant team of more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on The Student Room, helping to make it a fun, safe and useful place to hang out.

Which way did you want the referendum to go?

The Student Room, Get Revising and Marked by Teachers are trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd.

Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. 806 8067 22

Registered Office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE

Quick reply
Reputation gems: You get these gems as you gain rep from other members for making good contributions and giving helpful advice.