athena is the one in Nausicaa's dream - she's used by Homer to develop the plot via 'divine intervention'. she disguises herself as Nausicaa's friend in the dream, to tell her to go to the washing pools; it is she who causes the ball Nausicaa throws to miss, so that the girls shout, so Odysseus awakes, so he can find Nausicaa, so he gets to the city! Athena also "put confidence in her (nausicaa's) heart and took fear from her limbs" when Odysseus comes out of the bushes, so she stays to talk to him.
(Original post by kate.overall)
can someone help me! I thought I understood the poem really well, but after going through it I am confused as to who athena and artemis are? is athena the one who is in nausicaa's dream? and if so when else is she mentioned in the poem and who is artemis and when are they mentioned??? thanks so much!
Basically, Athena is used as a means of getting Odysseus to meet Nausicaa, and so get to the city.
Artemis is mentioned twice; firstly, when Nausicaa is playing with the handmaids. Homer launches into an epic simile (good phrase to use!) - comparing Nausicaa to Artemis, because she is so beautiful. The second time is in Odysseus' speech, when he too compares Nausicaa to Artemis - in an attempt to flatter her, so she will take him to the city/provide clothes.
Oh, for the record - Athena is the goddess of wisdom (? I think) and Artemis is the goddess of hunting (hence why in the epic simile "Artemis the archeress goes through the mountains, delighting in (chasing) boar and swift deer").
Hope that helped! (Oh, and I'll PM you my school.)
Edit: been doing greek for 3 years (but only did the literature in year 11 - not a lot got done in year 9!)
Last edited by Leigh303; 04-06-2011 at 19:20.