(Original post by s_axo)
Consequences of decline in death rate:
Bigger aging population and therefore.......
bigger dependency ratio
Change of systems eg transport/housing/health and social care
Hirsch said there would need to be a change of policies and public opinion e.g Housing (need to downgrade or move to nursing homes in order to make room for young generations)/Employment (more skills taught to older people so they can work more)/ our public opinion (needs to change about source distribution especially as this effects how old people are perceived, as age is social construction according to Hockey and James)
Also, public opinion would change with an aging population e.g The 'pension crisis', more ageism (However Townshed argues that this is actually because of the state and it's pension policy, as older people are literally forced onto benefits and thus, in to poverty)
Also, it could be argued that it would lead to smaller families and thus, either a negative effect as Leach said, This is because there would not be a wide unit of kin that would have provided a lot of psychological help and pratical advice. However, falling death rates, according to Shorter are the reason why children are no longer neglected, and thus falling death rates creates a more child centered society.
consequences for the decline in birth rate
This again would lead to aging population and thus, the effects mentioned in paragraph 1.
Also, it could again be argued that falling birth rate means smaller families and thus, either more child centered or more conflict.
In addition to this, falling birth rates may mean that we need more female immigrants as it is their high fertility rates which stablise our population size.
Another point could be that falling birth rate leads to less of the 'double burden', and also, as Coltrane and Ishi Kuntz said, less children = more symmetrical, joint conjugal couples.
Right that was all literally off the top of my head! haha. Hope its somewhat helped!!!