(Original post by prog2djent)
FINE, Fu it, I'll lift this straight out of the saught after wikipedia entry which has been revised many-a-time
And don't you dare Tl;DR me.
Fascism ( /ˈfæʃɪzəm/) is a radical authoritarian nationalist
political ideology. Fascists seek rejuvenation of their nation based on commitment to an organic national community where its individuals are united together as one people in national identity by suprapersonal connections of ancestry, culture, and blood through a totalitarian single-party state that seeks the mass mobilization of a nation through discipline, indoctrination, physical education, and eugenics. Fascism seeks to purify the nation of foreign influences that are deemed to be causing degeneration of the nation or of not fitting into the national culture. Fascism promotes political violence and war, as forms of direct action that create national regeneration, spirit and vitality. Fascists commonly utilize paramilitary organizations for violence against opponents or to overthrow a political system. Fascism opposes
multiple ideologies: conservatism
, and two major forms of socialism—communism and social democracy. Fascism claims to represent a synthesis of cohesive ideas previously divided between traditional political ideologies. To achieve its goals, the fascist state purges forces, ideas, people, and systems deemed to be the cause of decadence and degeneration.
The fascist party is a vanguard
party designed to initiate a revolution
from above and to organize the nation upon fascist principles. The fascist party and state is led by a supreme leader who exercises a dictatorship
over the party, the government and other state institutions
. Fascists reject conventional democracy
that is based on majority rule. Fascists claim to advocate an authoritarian democracy based on rule of the most qualified, rather quantitative majority rule, though multiple scholars are strongly skeptical of fascism's claims
to be democratic. Fascism supports a socially united collective
national society and opposes socially divided class-based societies
and socially-divided individualist-based societies
. Fascists claim it is a trans-class movement, advocating resolution to domestic class conflict within a nation to secure national solidarity. While fascism opposes domestic class conflict, it favours a proletarian national culture
and claims that its goal of nationalizing society emancipates the nation's proletariat
, and promotes the assimilation of all classes into proletarian national culture. It opposes
contemporary bourgeois class-based society
and culture for allegedly being based on selfish and hedonistic individualism
that results in plutocracy and war profiteering at the expense of the nation. Fascism claims that bourgeois-proletarian conflict primarily exists in national conflict between proletarian nations versus bourgeois nations; fascism declares support for the victory of proletarian nations.
Fascists advocate a state-directed
, regulated economy that is dedicated to the nation
; the use and primacy of regulated private property and private enterprise
contingent upon service to the nation or state, the use of state enterprise where private enterprise is failing or is inefficient, and autarky. It supports criminalization
of strikes by employees and lockouts by employers because it deems these acts as prejudicial to the national community.
There is a running dispute among scholars about where along the left/right spectrum that fascism resides. Fascism was founded during World War I by Italian national syndicalists
who combined left-wing and right-wing political views
, but Italian Fascism gravitated to the right in the early 1920s. Benito Mussolini in 1919 described fascism as a syncretic
movement that would strike "against the backwardness of the right and the destructiveness of the left". Italian Fascists described fascism as a right-wing ideology in the political program The Doctrine of Fascism: "We are free to believe that this is the century of authority, a century tending to the 'right,' a fascist century." They also, however, officially declared that although they were "sitting on the right" they were generally indifferent to their position on the left-right spectrum, as being a conclusion of their combination of views rather than an objective, and considering it insignificant to the basis of their views, which they claimed could just as easily be associated with "the mountain of the center
" as with the right. A major element of fascism that has been deemed as clearly far-right is its goal to promote the right of claimed superior people to dominate while purging society of claimed inferior elements.
Why not read "Position in the political spectrum" on wiki for yourself.
I never said fascism was exlusively NOT on the right, and I would NEVER suggest fascism is left wing, it is synoptic, it can't be limited to the left-right dichotomy. It can't even be confined to the Authoritarian Left, Authoritarian Right, Libertarian Left, Libertarian Right axis. It is however, undoubtedly authoritarian, but it rejects and sort of civil liberties and free market and wants massive state control over the economy and social lives, so can't be libertarian right at all, it can't be libertarian left for those reasons aswell aside from private property and markets, it has some ideas of authoritarian leftism, state control over economy, revolution via a vanguard party, un-democratic, totalitarian and it takes from the authoritarian right with social conservatism, a strong nationalist ideal and national defence, but not necassarily interventionist, where the authoritarian left creeps back in (remember, most neo-cons can be closely linked by trotskyism today).