I'm British but live abroad so the whole process of getting a NI card and then the driving license application process is a bit more bureaucratic for me. I turn 17 in May and I'll be coming back to Britain for the summer holidays, and I'll be sorting all of this out then.
As I understand it -
1) Get National Insurance Card
2) Apply and get Provisional Driving License
3) Take lessons
4) Theory & Practical Tests
5) Claim a pass and exchange provisional license for full license
A provisional driving licence is issued in order to enable a driver to take a driving test.
To apply for a provisional driving licence, you must therefore be 'normally resident' in the UK for more than 185 days.
Applicants who are not UK citizens or citizens of another European Union or European Economic Area state (EU/EEA) will not be considered 'normally resident' for the purposes of a driving licence application if they:
•do not have leave to remain in the UK
•are in the country on a temporary basis without leave to remain either while awaiting a decision on an application to stay in the UK or following a decision refusing such an application.
To obtain a driving licence from the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA), you will also need to have a permanent address in England, Scotland or Wales.
You may use your GB licence for driving in other European Community/European Economic Area [EC/EEA] member states. However, you should note that while the minimum age for driving a car in GB is 17 individual member states may apply their own age restrictions for entitlements.