(Original post by Kidioteque)
Bit late to the party, but I did questions 1 and 3 - found 1a a bit unusual but okay, whilst 3a was a total mare! In my textbook all it says is that they were financially reliant on tax credits, supplies and capital investment from the Allies, and therefore couldn't afford to back out. I was pretty stumped for another two points, but what I eventually went for was
- Economy - as mentioned above
- Loyalty to the Allies - it was in their best interests to maintain solid relations with Britain and France
- Fear of defeat - they didn't want to be the ones who lost the war, particularly so soon after taking power.
Annoyingly, a friend of mine from a different college said that they had
been taught specifically about this, and that the more 'textbook' reasons were to do with reparations and the 8 million soldiers who would have to fit back into already overcrowded cities if they left the war.
Aside from this, I thought the two 24 mark questions were oaky, although I feel like I should have nailed them more than I did. Think some of my points for "how successful were Alexander II's reforms in strengthening the tsarist regime in the year 1855-1881" were:
- Little concerted opposition until his assassination (failure of Populism etc)
- The autocracy carried on for 36 years after his death
- Successful reforms (think I focused on the economy here) created more support for the Tsar
- He actually went back on a number of his reforms, so any stability that he achieved might have actually been the result of other measures
he was assassinated which showed that although the opposition was at this point fragmented, it was
- Perhaps the implications of his reforms actually created resent (amongst peasants for example) and in the long run set Russia down a slippery slope towards revolution
Okay, I'm looking back on my points now and thinking they're pretty **** haha.
For "To what extent was Lenin the reason for the overthrow of the Provisional Government?" (or whatever the wording of it was)
Importance of Lenin:
- Powerful, inspiring leader - 23000-26000 members before he arrived
- Redirected the party away from co-operation and towards their fundamental goals
- "Peace, bread and land" targetted the issues brought on by the war - opportunistic
- Used the Soviet as a power base
- However (to back up my argument), some people said he was out of touch after being away for so long, as well as scepticism about his affiliations with Germany
- Continuation of the war - argued this was most important factor
- Other mistakes and problems of the Provisional Government - dual authority, Kornilov affair, Kerensky summer offensive, self-elected, and so on
Was running out of time for this one so I feel it probably came across as a bit rushed.
I think I may have scraped an A, but I'm fairly sure I can kiss the 90%+ that I was aiming for goodbye.
Hope it went well for everybody else!