(Original post by Duncan123)
Well the Lisbon treaty wasn't much more than a cherrypicking of the constitution and a re-itterting of previous regulation. The referendum lock has already been put into most EU countries. Take Ireland's referendum today.
Romania and Bulgaria are still in Schengen, they just don't have access of it until 2014, which is binding in the Schengen agreement of 1985. A country has to wait 3 years, then another year can be imposed, and then another 3 if it is not in the other EU countries interest to give them freedom of movement. Technically that hasn't been broken. As for the CAP, that's a phasing in period that will end in 2013 because it was feared that E. Europe would see to high a jump in food commodity prices, Blair's retention of the CAP rebate and France's unacceptance to become a net contributor if Poland joins the CAP outright. Quite possibly this will be completely reformed in 2014, but noone knows yet (so thankfully it doesn't apply to our exam)
Treaties always come before an enlargement to prepare. In that more integration becomes a part of this:
1986-- Spain, Portugal -- SEA (QMV to allow incramentalism to work still, only now as neo-functionalism)
1992-- Maastricht- before Finland, Austria, Sweden- to create tighter regulations in CFSP and IHA. The currency part comes as an idea to prevent a unified Germany becoming to economically powerful as part of the EU
1997 Amsterdam and 1999 Nice support what Maastricht didn't deliver.
2007- Lisbon - because of Big Bang - to increase parliament and therefore integrate member states as there are too many. Double QMV from 2014 also to ensure they all move together faster.
You could also say that 'subsidarity' in Maastricht forever damns incramentalism as it created a twin-speed Europe.
Now the fiscal pact is being introduced to basically suppliment Maastricht again, because the union has gotten too big to have monetary union without fiscal union.
A little point to add... major treaties were mostly under Jacques Delors. Since him there has never been a 'European enough' Commissioner, and as their power is weak the Paris-Berlin axis has taken priority in making decisions. Being national leaders, they care more about national sovereignty. This can explain a slow down in incramentalism of the EU, as well as its now enlarged size.
Yet big treaties such as the fiscal pact are still getting through, and can be pushed through with QMV if need be. Therefore if anything the EU are radicalising and becoming more integrationist now in the time of crisis.