(Original post by ApresAlkan)
All right, sir. Let's look at your questions:
'Why should the rich suffer because the poor are poor?'
1) The rich don't suffer. They give more of their income away, because they earn more than they really deserve. This is because the free market is fallible.
2) The poor aren't there due to their own fault. They are victims of circumstance and poor birth. ∵ There is no free will ∵ Currently the people at the bottom are necessary ∵ There are an inordinate amount of steps from production to consumption ∴ There is an incredibly unequal society.
'Why do the rich have an enforceable duty to give money (indirectly) to the poor?'
The rich earn more than their skills or value to society warrant. Their money is for the benefit of society, not just the poor. The poorest have unfair living conditions, and earn pitiful amounts of money. The rich wouldn't otherwise give so much money to society if the state didn't force them to. Capitalism isn't perfect, and the state has the duty to mitigate it.
'And why do we want egalitarianism?'
Egalitarianism means that everybody is economically equal (thus also socially and academically). This means that everybody
is better off. It means that there are consistently high standards across everywhere, and the lowest levels of production are rendered obsolete by scientific progress due to higher levels of education. By making all education better, one doesn't detract from the best education. By making all healthcare better, one doesn't detract from the best healthcare. By making all lifestyles better, one doesn't detract from the best lifestyles.
'And how do you reconcile private property with this redistribution of wealth?'
I personally think that the state should enforce a minimum living standard for everybody, irrespective of salary, everyone should be housed and nourished. Working harder, more, and being more successful still earns one more money. This can be used to purchase luxuries. I personally think that the state should act to decrease house prices as a whole, as they oughtn't be a primary investment for anybody.