Amides are reduced to the amine of the same order the amide was. Esters are reduced to primary alcohols. The person above me is thinking of hydrolysis rather than reduction by the way.
(Original post by thegodofgod)
Never come across the reduction of amides / esters - would they be reduced to amines / ethers respectively?
Also, you know how you have to distill off the product for an aldehyde but reflux for a carboxylic acid when oxidising a primary alcohol, which of those do you need for oxidising a secondary alcohol to a ketone?
As for your oxidation question, I'm not sure. In reality no-one oxidises alcohols to aldehydes the way A levels tell you it's done - there are reagents which will stop at the aldehyde with no worry of over oxidation to the acid. I would presume that oxidation to a ketone does not require reflux (analogous to the oxidation to an aldehyde), but you could probably reflux it if you wanted to make it go faster, although the A level mark scheme is pretty good at disagreeing with that chemists would actually do so check that with something official.
Last edited by illusionz; 05-06-2012 at 16:54.