There's a hell of a lot.
Legally speaking, you must master all of the following in order to pass a test. It's no more than a basic minimum standard to be able to drive on our roads safely.
Either—B. Vehicle Safety Checks
read in good daylight (with the aid of corrective lenses if worn) a registration mark fixed to a motor vehicle and containing letters and figures 79 millimetres high and 57 millimetres wide at a distance of 20.5 metres, or
read in good daylight (with the aid of corrective lenses if worn) a registration mark fixed to a motor vehicle and containing letters and figures 79 millimetres high and 50 millimetres wide at a distance of 20 metres.
1. In the case of a test for a licence authorising the driving of vehicles in category B only, describe how to perform a check on the condition and safety of one component of the vehicle, chosen at the test conductor’s discretion, from the list of components specified in paragraph 3 below, and demonstrate an actual check on the condition of a second component, similarly chosen from the list.C. Preparation to drive
3. The components are: tyres, steering, brakes, lights, reflectors, direction indicators, audible warning device, and the liquids used in the braking system, steering system, engine or elsewhere in the vehicle as a coolant, lubricant, cleaner or otherwise.
1. Adjust the seat as necessary to obtain a correct seating position.D. Technical control of the vehicle
2. Adjust rear view mirrors, head restraint and seat belt.
3. Check that the doors are closed.
E. Behaviour in traffic
1. Start the engine and move off smoothly (uphill and downhill as well as on the flat).
2. Accelerate to a suitable speed while maintaining a straight course, including during gear-changes.
3. Adjust speed to negotiate left or right turns at junctions, possibly in restricted spaces, while maintaining control of the vehicle.
4. Brake accurately to stop where directed, if need be by performing an emergency stop.
(a)perform one or more of the following manoeuvres—
(i)reverse in a straight line and reverse right or left round a corner while keeping within the correct traffic lane;
(ii)turn the vehicle to face the opposite way, using forward and reverse gears;
(iii)park the vehicle and leave a parking space (parallel, oblique or right-angle) both forwards and in reverse, on the flat, uphill and downhill; or
(b)(in the case of a test for a licence authorising the driving of vehicles in category B+E only) reverse in an S-shaped curve.
F. Alighting from vehicle
1. Observe (including the use of the rear view mirrors) road alignment, markings, signs and potential or actual risks.
2. Communicate with other road users using the authorised means.
3. React appropriately in actual risk situations.
4. Comply with road traffic regulations and the instructions of the police and traffic controllers.
5. Move off from the kerb or a parking space.
6. Drive with the vehicle correctly positioned on the road, adjusting speed to traffic conditions and the line of the road.
7. Keep the right distance between vehicles.
8. Change lanes.
9. Pass parked or stationary vehicles and obstacles.
10. Approach and cross junctions.
11. Turn right and left at junctions or to leave the carriageway.
12. Where the opportunity arises—
(a)Pass oncoming vehicles, including in confined spaces.
(b)Overtake in various situations.
(c)Approach and cross level-crossings.
(d)Drive in road tunnels.
Take all precautions necessary when alighting.
Your instructor should provide you with a progress record that includes all of the above that should be updated with your competence as your lessons progress.