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GCSE OCR (B) Geography themes

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    Hello there. I understand that there are 4 key geographical themes; Rivers and coasts, population and settlement, natural hazards and economic development. Am I right in saying that in the exam on the 18th of June the 3 sections will be on population and settlement, natural hazards and economic development? We aren't expected to learn rivers and coasts? The reason why i'm asking is because I looked at a past paper and a specimen paper from OCR and on both of them section A was 'rivers and coasts'. Can somebody reassure me? Thanks
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    (Original post by Horro421)
    Hello there. I understand that there are 4 key geographical themes; Rivers and coasts, population and settlement, natural hazards and economic development. Am I right in saying that in the exam on the 18th of June the 3 sections will be on population and settlement, natural hazards and economic development? We aren't expected to learn rivers and coasts? The reason why i'm asking is because I looked at a past paper and a specimen paper from OCR and on both of them section A was 'rivers and coasts'. Can somebody reassure me? Thanks
    Yep, that's right. Population and settlement, natural hazards and economic development.
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    (Original post by Horro421)
    Hello there. I understand that there are 4 key geographical themes; Rivers and coasts, population and settlement, natural hazards and economic development. Am I right in saying that in the exam on the 18th of June the 3 sections will be on population and settlement, natural hazards and economic development? We aren't expected to learn rivers and coasts? The reason why i'm asking is because I looked at a past paper and a specimen paper from OCR and on both of them section A was 'rivers and coasts'. Can somebody reassure me? Thanks
    hi, where did you find these past papers? thanks
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    http://www.geographypods.com/termina...june-2012.html

    Some previous papers and other resources here.

    Good luck with the revision
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    There will no exam questions on Rivers and Coasts in the Geography exam next Wednesday.

    You did Rivers and Coasts for SDME.
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    I don't understand what's going on!? I just sat the SDME Exam today and it covered Population as it was based on Ageing Population. How comes everyone is saying that the Key Geographical Themes will include Population and Settlement when I have only just covered this in my SDME

    Someone please HELP ME!!!
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    (Original post by hellobye)
    I don't understand what's going on!? I just sat the SDME Exam today and it covered Population as it was based on Ageing Population. How comes everyone is saying that the Key Geographical Themes will include Population and Settlement when I have only just covered this in my SDME

    Someone please HELP ME!!!
    Because most people take the SDME in June of Year 10 or Jan of Year 11, where it was rivers and coasts in this case. A lot of year 11s taking it now are retakes.
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    (Original post by Paradox.)
    Because most people take the SDME in June of Year 10 or Jan of Year 11, where it was rivers and coasts in this case. A lot of year 11s taking it now are retakes.
    Oh okay, thanks for clarifying

    So does that mean I will be covering Rivers&Coasts or will I be doing the same exam as everyone else?
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    (Original post by hellobye)
    Oh okay, thanks for clarifying

    So does that mean I will be covering Rivers&Coasts or will I be doing the same exam as everyone else?
    Same exam as everyone else
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    (Original post by Paradox.)
    Same exam as everyone else
    Thank you very much!!!
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    how is everyone revising the casestudies? I can never remember the figures ect. there's so many!
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    What defintions should we nee to know omg help
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    (Original post by acsecnarf)
    how is everyone revising the casestudies? I can never remember the figures ect. there's so many!
    I make flashcards for each case study and write a little question paper on each so I can test myself Good luck for tomorrow!
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    (Original post by Horro421)
    I make flashcards for each case study and write a little question paper on each so I can test myself Good luck for tomorrow!
    okay thankyou! I'm trying to do that now, it just goes straight over my head aaaah
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    Case studies - 33%
    Theory - 33%
    Geog Skills - i.e map skills, photo and graph interpretation 33%

    Case studies .... dates, short, medium, long term effects and responses.

    Can you apply elements of sustainability to questions (S.E.E - social, environmental, economic) if called upon? Remember back to the SDME??

    Don't use words such as 'things', 'stuff' and defo not 'etc'

    You have three sections to answer

    Section1. Hazards

    ..... you have a choice of questions in each section. You will have to answer either a section on climatic hazards (drought or tropical storms) or tectonic hazards (earthquakes & volcanoes). You answer either question 1a or 1b.

    Look at last years' paper ..... they asked about drought (climatic) and volcanoes (tectonic). Revise tropical storms and earthquakes carefully as they haven't yet come up on the terminal exam. Of course, look over your notes on droughts and volcanoes just in case!!

    Section 2 - Population & Settlement

    ... you have a choice of two questions, population or settlement. There may be some elements of cross over in both questions so study both carefully. You will answer either question 2a or 2b

    Population - last year there was a lot of stuff on population pyramids. Make sure you know this stuff but perhaps focus your revision on other population models like th demographic transition model. Ageing populations also came up so again, look over your case studies but perhaps focus your attention on youthful populations ...... There was also an 8 mark question on population management strategies (one child policy) so make sure you are prepared for perhaps a migration (internal or external) 8 marker (Usa - Mexico, Poland to UK etc)

    Settlement - Last year there was a big focus on squatter settlements (favelas, shanty towns) and counterurbanisation. Makes sure you look over your notes on these but perhaps be looking at sustainable settlements, urban models, the changing pattern of land use in MEDCC cities and zones of a city. Be prepared for an OS map skills question integrated into this section.

    There was an 8 mark question on the changing provision of retail (e-tailing ebay, Amazon, out of town shopping centres etc) so again, be aware of this but focus your revision on the areas outlined above. This topic could still come up for a 3 or 5 mark question ....... or they might give you a site to look at on the map and you have to give the pro's and con's for locating an out of town centre etc etc..... Again 4 and 6 fig grid references could be worth brushing up on.

    Section 3. Economic Development
    Sorry people, this has never come up before in the final exam as last years' Y11 were tested on the unit in their SDME. This means that you need to revise for everything!! You will need to answer either question 3a or 3b.

    Hope the revision goes well.

    Remember, you have 30 minutes per section tomorrow so don't fall behind in the early stages ...

    Revision resources here if you need them

    http://www.geographypods.com/termina...june-2012.html

    Good luck

    geographypods
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    Can someone tell me how i did please

    Question 1

    1)In stage one, the total pop is low and starts to increase. it continues to increase in 2 and 3. In stage 4 is still incrwases slgithy.In stage five is steadys off, is high but then falls.

    2)There is still a high br in stage 2 as there is a high infant mortality so people have more children, there is poor healtjhcare,poor education,poor access to clean water, poor food. Also, people still need lots of children to work on farms

    3) in stage 5 there is a aeging pp which is bad as there may be more tax and increased demand for services. Also it may be overpopulated meaning theres a shortate of education and poor access to healthcare and more money may have to be spent improving these services

    4)the HIV information lets people know how and why they get HIV so they will be more aware and careful, reducing the chances of getting HIV,reducing the DR and increasing the pop. Theafter card would provide people with care after birth so fewer children would die, reducing DR and increasing pop.

    5) the population structure is the structure of the populaton in a country. it is the distribution of the pop and how it's spread out. it tells you hw many elderly,young,economcally eactive ,females and amles there are
    Case Study: Mexico To USA

    Mexico is south of USA and over a million economic migrants migrate there every year. There is 200km border. People want to leave as there is poor healthcare,ducation,jobs, 40% are unemployed asdult literacy rate is 55 and there isn't many opportunties. They want to go to USA as there is better jobs, more opportunities, better health care and better education. But this leads to shortage of jobs and conflict, money is spent sending back to Mexico meaning money is lost from USA economy and money has to be spent on border patrol

    Question3

    1)All torpical storms form near the equator between the two tropics
    Hurricaines from over the carribean and most storms are in the east of the world

    2)Typhoons form near the eqautor and move away from it. Towards Asia if north of the eqaution and towards oceania if south of the equator

    3)It has a eye at the centre of the storm
    It is spiinign anticlockwise, it has a eye band and it has formed over ther sea

    4) Tropical storms must form near the equator. The water must be at least 27 degress and the water must be at least 60m deep. There must be strong winds and the earth must be rotating. It must form between 5 and 30 degrees latitiude north and south of the equation (in the tropics)

    5)LEDCs suffer more as they can't afford to buy in food and water so more die. Also, they have poorer healthcare so more die. Also, they have poor preperation and response so more die. Also, more people rely on agricultrue so when crops and livestock die, famrers loose income. Buildings are also poorly built so are damaged easier. Also, they don't have the money or rescourses to react straight away, causing more deaths

    Case Study: Hurricaine Katrina, New Orleans, USA,2005

    Hurricaine Katrina hit new orleans which is in the sout east of the USA off the gulf of mexico on the 29th august, 2005. i formed off the south east bahamas where warm water cuased the air above it to expand and rise,creating a area of low pressure. This area of low poressure sucked in more moist are and water vapour creating strong winds which were made to rotate and circulate by the earths rotation,. Large clouds called cumulonibouses formed and they were made to spin by the corioulous effect. They predicted and prepared for it using radar,satteletites,computer simulations and evacutated people. But only 70-80% left and 20-30% stayed. Also businesses and home owners borded up windows. however, they bulit new orelans in low lying land betweent he missipi river and lake pontrachain making it prone to flooding and the levees in east new orleans had previously been damaged. This meant there was lots of flooding and deaths. It wasn't a good response as 300,000 homes were damaged, 230,000 jobs were lost and 1856 died.

    Question 51)Turkey
    2) As the GDP/Person increases the life expectancy increases and infant mortality rate decreases. But there are some exceptions (i explained)
    3)Increasing GDP per person increases Life expectancy as more money can be spent on heath care,food,water and education so people live longer and the life expentacny increases. Increasing GDP lowers infant moratlity rate as more money can be spent of family paning,eduacation,health care and food and water so fewer babaies die and the infant mortality rate falls
    4)Increasing literacyt rate inceases qaulity of life as it means more adults can read and write which means that more children go to school. this is good as it means more people get better jobs with better pay. Ths lso means the governemt will have more money to invest in education,the economy and health services. Also, having more money means people can buy more food,water,sanitation,btter housing and luuxries, improving their quality of life

    5) 11, as it allows you to see what countries are at what stage of development
    11, as it allows you to see who's where and the divide between them

    6)recipient countries can become dependent on aid so they don't spend their own money on development and rely on money form other countries
    recipient countries may have to pay the aid back, so any money they accumlate isn't spent on development but repaying aid

    Case Study: Water aid project in Mali
    Mali is a country in the west of Africa. it is one of the worlds porrest nations. 65% of land is semi or fully deserted and only 50% have access to clean water. It has a hot enviroment and there is little rainfull. Wateraid set up a project in Mali in 2000 and now works with seven partner organisations providing clean water,snaaition and hygiene education to 5 out of Mali's eight region. One of the projects was in the slums surrounding Mali. Wateraid,using appropriate technology, finances the areas water network and installed communal tapstands. This is quite sustainable as it can be maintained by locals but they may find it difficult to replace the tapstand so this dents the sustainability of the project. The prject is also good as people are taught how to maintain and raise finance to fund the project so they aren't reliant on water aid. Also, people know what to do and how to do it so in the future they can do it themselves,meaning it's quite sustainable. This has meant that more poeople have clean water and can go to work and no longer need to pay for medicine and search for water. This is turn means people have more money and can invest in their children and services. Also the deaths from direahoel disease in the area has fallen by 65% so the project is quite sustainable

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Updated: June 18, 2012
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