(Original post by Martyn*)
It is my view that the people who wrote the Christian Gospels were Hellenized Jews, who took Jewish motifs and blended them with Greco-Egyptian ones. The background of Christianity can only be understood within the milieu of Greco-Roman culture. But the impact of ancient Egypt on Greco-Roman culture is well attested.
In the first century, Christianity had to compete with two important religious cults: Mithras and the cult of Isis. They both exploded on the scene well before Christianity ever came about. Both these cults were mystery religions. Mithras offered eternal life. Isis bore a child, Horus, who would defeat the evil serpent king and become saviour of the human race offering eternal life. horus was the reincarnation of the god Osiris, who was the god of the resurrection for at least 3000 years in Egypt. The cult of Osiris crept into Greek culture about 300BC and fused with the cult of Dionysus. As in the story of Dionysus, the god (Osiris-Dionysus) was born of a virgin, was attended (like the god Tammuz, another name for Osiris) by wise men or shepherds, was betrayed, and died as a sacrifice.
In the cult of Osiris many of the traits were transmitted to the Greeks and passed down. In funerary inscriptions Osiris, for example, as he was for 3000 years, was known as the 'mummified one', or 'the coffined one'. Osiris was the first king to be mummified in ancient Egypt and it was by this that the tradition of mummifying their kings began. In inscriptions the word for 'mummified' is the same word for 'annoint': Kers-t
which is related to the word Kar
. In Greek kar
is related to 'black' or 'dead' (note: kreas
'flesh') and is often a variant with 'sark' as in sarc
ophagus. All these terms are related to the cult of the dead, and are related to Osiris.
The word 'Christ' means 'anointed' in Greek, and is properly related to the Egyptian Kers-t. In Hebrew this is translated to 'Moschiach' which means messiah
Osiris was the original Christ. He was the god who was bertrayed, who died, was resurrected and came back as the Christ. But perhaps, you might ask, that the gospel writers did not have Osiris in mind but related their Christ to the anointed Davidic Messiah?
Whilst that may be true, it is missing the point. The gospels are syncretistic. It is the Jewish messiah meets the god of the dead. Proof of this can be seen in the story of the raising of Lazarus found in the gospel of John, in which Jesus raises the mummified Lazarus from the dead. Actually, the story is the Jewish version of the Horus legend where Osiris (Lazarus) is brought back from the underworld by Horus in the scene of the book of the dead known as the Ka embrace. The soul of Osiris (the mummified king) is released by Horus, and both father and son reunite as one soul. In the gospels the secret to the word 'Christ' is related in Matthew 26 v 12:
When she poured this perfume on my body, she did it to prepare me for burial.
Jesus is Osiris, or at least that's how the Hellenized Jews who wrote the Gospels portrayed the Davidic Messiah.