(Original post by V909)
Could someone PLEAASE mark
Define the term 'sustainable development'  sustainable development is m eeting the needs of today without compromising the needs of the future. It could mean not exploiting non renewable resources to achieve environmental sustainability. Social sustainability can be achieved when it meets the needs of people from all parts of the community and economic sustainability is when there is reasonable wages and jobs for people.
Study page 4 of the resource booklet. Outline the reasons why organisers say that they will not know the final cost of London's 2012 Olympic Games until after 2012.  This is because excess can be spent on things that were not planned in the budget and that will could heavily increase the money spent on the Olympics. You also do not know how much profit they will make through advertising or the exact ticket so can’t get a number until after all this is totaled up.
Study page 4 in the resource booklet. What evidence is there that past Olympic venues have little or no use after the games have finished?  The Sydney’s 2000 games were a prime example showing how a site that had been invested into had been turned into something which is derelict. The Sydney games was not maintained for example the archery field was overgrown, the pool was full with stagnant water. This suggests that no one had any care for the Olympic site or even used it for their leisure activities. The housing was not even used because it was sold off to private buyers, as they had spent too much and needed more profit, so wasn’t used by the locals.
Study page 5 in the resource booklet. Although the games are titled 'London 2012', what evidence is there that it will be a national event?  The sites are located mainly in London, so will be centred there. However, there are many sites that are away from London, so will also benefit those areas because of more tourists. Those sites include canoeing in Hertfordshire, Sailing in Dorset. The officials wanted to use some existing sites, to make it more sustainable which are located all over the country.
Study pages 7 and 8 in the resource booklet. Identify two reasons why the site in Newham was selected as the best place to build the Olympic Park?  The site in Newham was the ideal site to be selected because it had brownfield sites that were cleaned and cheaper to buy so was environmentally sustainable. In Newham there are also excellent transport links which can cope with vast number of people coming into the area every day. For example, the Stratford international station has been developed, the DLR has been extended and is the most connected part of London outside of central London. The area is also a very deprived area and lacks education and jobs and there are high crime rates., as shown in fig. 7. The area could get a chance to regenerate by attracting tourists who would spend money causing people to have higher incomes and more job oppurtunities for the locals.
Study pages 8 and 9 in the resource booklet. Why was Stratford described as the most 'connected' part of London outside of Central London?  This is because it can cope with the vast number of people who will be arriving by public transport. The public transport links are extremely good, there are good underground networks and rail networks linking to many cities. There are also good b bus links with 16 bus routes serving Stratford and 6 buses per hour. There are also coach links for places in the North of England.
Section B: /18
Study figure 5 in the resource booklet. Compare Newham's birth rate and life expectancy to the UK in 2001. 
b) In 2001 the birth rate was a lot higher than of the UK. It had a much more youthful population. In the Uk the life expectancy was much higher than Newham, where there were very few 50+ year olds.
Study figure 6 in the resource booklet. Describe the ethnic structure in Newham in 2006 and suggest one reason why this might be.  In Newham there is a mmore ethnically diverse population with a high percentage of asian and black people, contrasting to England which has only 7% of those ethnicities. This could be because these people had language difficulties or were unskilled so found it difficult to get good jobs. They migrated to the area for cheap house prices or for affordable homes.
Using examples, suggest reasons why Newham is described as one of the most 'deprived' areas of London.  Newham is described as one of the most deprived areas in London because it has the highest deprivation of basic economic and social factors. For example there are a low number of jobs available and lots people seeking benefits . Theres also low education, housing and high crime rate. This could be caused by the low income, which is one of the lowest in England and wales, which is caused by the low education the population has. 34% has no educational qualificiations and 39.7% are in semi skilled or unskilled employment.
Using evidence, explain why income is lower in Newham than elsewhere in London and the UK.  Low income, which is one of the lowest in England and wales, as shown in Fig,8, is caused by the low education the population has. 34% has no educational qualificiations and 39.7% are in semi skilled or unskilled employment. This means that they cannot get high paid professional or managerial jobs because they do not have those skills or education needed. This could be affected by the ethically diverse community, who have migrated and have had little education oppurtunities so can’t gain more income.
Using figure 15, what are the positives and negatives of using a brownfield site over a greenfield site for development?  building on brownfield sites rather than greenfields sites is environmentally sustainable. This is because the Greenfield sites are valuable habitats for animals and plants. The Greenfield sites should be conserved for future generations. The brownfield sites however are contaminatd so need to be cleaned because of toxic chemicals from previous derelict buildings.
Using evidence, describe the existing housing in Newham before development of the Olympic site began.  The housing before development consisted of densely populated housing estates mainly provided by the council or the housing association. This was because people hadf very low incomes and there was the highest amount of overcrowding in Newham than trhe whole of England and wales. It didn’t have enough family housing to cope with the youthful population. And there was a very high housing deprivation in Newham . Before the Olympic site was built students at the uni of east London, travelers and a cooperative sharing living community had to be relocated. The sharing living community enabled people of low incomes to share living costs.
Section C: /15
*Choose one Economic AND one Social option that would work together in order to create the best sustainable legacy for Newham in the future.
Justify your choice as the best option for Newham's future. 
b) I believe that the green park for sustainable employment and research and the social option of building 10,000 affordable housing. This is because they will both work together in creating a economic, social and environmental legacy for Newham. The eco friendly businessesand research into green technology such as building materials, could be used in the building of the affordable homes making them more sustainable and powered by renewable resources, achieving environmental sustainability.
The high number of jobs that will even be suitable for the people of Newham, this is because there are plenty of unskilled or semi skilled jobs available. 34% of the population have no educational qualifications but can still gain an income, and reduce unemployment in the city. There are also many apprenticeships available for young people which would mean that there would be a higher skilled force in the future and even less crime in the present. The people who would be coming to Newham, or the families wanting to work in this green park would need affordable housing, because they would still be earning very low, one of the lowest in England and wales as shown in fig. 8. So, they need homes that prevent the overcrowding that is happening at present, and that are at low rents but suitable for their large families that shouldn’t be living in small flats.
The managerial and highly qualified people migrating to Newham would also be needing houses so would be able to also benefit from the large high quality houses that attract them. If they are attracted to the area they have a high disposable income because of their education qualifications and well paid jobs so boost the local economy because they spend on services and shops.
Overall, the two option would work together by achieving many types of sustainability because they would enable people all throughout the community (low earners, low skilled or young people) to gain jobs and also reduce the affordable housing deprivation in newham, which is one of the highest in England and wales as shown in figure 23.