You are Here: Home >< Physics

# Physics optics question - angles

Announcements Posted on
Four hours left to win £100 of Amazon vouchers!! Don't miss out! Take our short survey to enter 24-10-2016
1. If you continue the ray, total internal reflection would occur.
I don't understand why total internal reflection would occur - I can see that the angle of incidence is 30 degrees and the critical angle of glass-air boundary is around 37 degrees.

Am I missing something?
Attached Images

2. Ok, this is really easy and you'll kick yourself when you find out. If you continue the ray, what happens? It hits the glass on the inside (the line under figure 3). At what angle will it hit that line? Form a triangle with the normal of that line. 180-90-30 = 60 degrees.

As 60 is greater than the critical angle, TIR occurs.
3. (Original post by RKM21)
Ok, this is really easy and you'll kick yourself when you find out. If you continue the ray, what happens? It hits the glass on the inside (the line under figure 3). At what angle will it hit that line? Form a triangle with the normal of that line. 180-90-30 = 60 degrees.

As 60 is greater than the critical angle, TIR occurs.
Sorry, I am still confused lol
Could you draw a diagram and show me what you mean?
4. Attachment 541449541451541440

Try that.
Attached Images

5. Thanks this helped alot, but how do you know you need that angle? Why couldnt it be 30? (on the other side, 90-60 = 30)
6. (Original post by Menoetius1)
Thanks this helped alot, but how do you know you need that angle? Why couldnt it be 30? (on the other side, 90-60 = 30)
You measure angles from the normal
7. (Original post by M0nkey Thunder)
You measure angles from the normal
Could you give me an example of what you mean? I am really lacking some basic knowledge lol
8. (Original post by Menoetius1)
Could you give me an example of what you mean? I am really lacking some basic knowledge lol
Well the angle at which the line enters, the angle of incidence, is measured from the normal- hence why the angle they stated first was 56 and not 34. If you look at the diagram the other user made, you can work out what the other angle of incidence is. The principle is that if the angle of incidence is greater than the critical angle, total internal reflection occurs.

You go from the normal, up until you reach the ray and that is your angle of incidence.
9. you meant to use Sin, that's all I remember, I'll try to get back to you asap, when I find out how to do it.
10. The angle of incidence is always measured between the incident ray and the normal! The normal is a dotted line drawn perpendicular to the surface the ray of light hits, or in this case, will hit, so the surface will be the top surface.

So, you construct a right angled triangle, with 30 degrees as the angle given to you in the question, 90 degrees as the bottom right angle of the triangle, and then 60 degrees as the final angle of the triangle! This is the angle of incidence, and therefore total internal reflection occurs, as 60 degrees is greater than the critical angle of the block.

Simply continue the ray of light until it hits the block. When it makes contact with the block, that is the second point of the triangle you will construct, with the first point being where this same ray of light entered the block. Finish this off with a right angle. Done.

## Register

Thanks for posting! You just need to create an account in order to submit the post
1. this can't be left blank
2. this can't be left blank
3. this can't be left blank

6 characters or longer with both numbers and letters is safer

4. this can't be left empty
1. Oops, you need to agree to our Ts&Cs to register

Updated: June 6, 2016
TSR Support Team

We have a brilliant team of more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on The Student Room, helping to make it a fun, safe and useful place to hang out.

This forum is supported by:
Today on TSR

### Who is getting a uni offer this half term?

Find out which unis are hot off the mark here

### How to get a 1st class degree

Poll
Study resources

The Student Room, Get Revising and Marked by Teachers are trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd.

Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. 806 8067 22 Registered Office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE

Reputation gems: You get these gems as you gain rep from other members for making good contributions and giving helpful advice.