You are Here: Home

# Tricky question - Redox systems in acidic and basic conditions

Announcements Posted on
TSR's new app is coming! Sign up here to try it first >> 17-10-2016
1. Hey guys - really stuck on this question (7d) - I'm absolutely fine with writing equations in acidic or basic conditions, I just don't understand why for this scenario why this would cause the reverse reactions to occur? Surely the same reactions should still happen? :/

Would someone mind explaining it to me?

Attachment 545149545151
Attached Images

2. (Original post by Serine)
Hey guys - really stuck on this question (7d) - I'm absolutely fine with writing equations in acidic or basic conditions, I just don't understand why for this scenario why this would cause the reverse reactions to occur? Surely the same reactions should still happen? :/

Would someone mind explaining it to me?

Attachment 545149545151
First you have to consider the half equation for 'redox system 7' under acidic and alkaline conditions.

In acidic conditions:
ClO-(aq) + 2H+(aq)→ ½Cl2(g) + H2O(l)

In alkaline conditions:
ClO-(aq) + H2O(l)→ ½Cl2(g) + 2OH-(aq)

Therefore under acidic conditions, the position of equilibrium lies to the right so Cl- ions reduce ClO- to Cl2, and Cl- ions are oxidised to Cl2 because Eѳ Cl2/Cl- (redox system 6) < Eѳ ClO-/Cl2 (redox system 7).

Under alkaline conditions, the position of equilibrium for 'redox system 7' lies well to the left due to the hydroxide ions. Therefore Eѳ ClO-/Cl2 (redox system 7) < Eѳ Cl2/Cl- (redox system 6) Therefore, Cl2 is reduced to ClO- ions by OH- ions. This reaction produces electrons which are then accepted by Cl2 in 'redox system 6' which reduces Cl2 to Cl- ions.

Its all to do with Le Chatelier's principle and the position of equilibrium, because that's what electrode potentials are, a measure of the position of equilibrium. If the position of equilibrium lies to the left, it has a more negative electrode potential and is a stronger reducing agent; if the position of equilibrium lies to the right, it has a more positive electrode potential and is a stronger oxidising agent.
3. (Original post by B_9710)
First you have to consider the half equation for 'redox system 7' under acidic and alkaline conditions.

In acidic conditions:
ClO-(aq) + 2H+(aq)→ ½Cl2(g) + H2O(l)

In alkaline conditions:
ClO-(aq) + H2O(l)→ ½Cl2(g) + 2OH-(aq)

Therefore under acidic conditions, the position of equilibrium lies to the right so Cl- ions reduce ClO- to Cl2, and Cl- ions are oxidised to Cl2 because Eѳ Cl2/Cl- (redox system 6) < Eѳ ClO-/Cl2 (redox system 7).

Under alkaline conditions, the position of equilibrium for 'redox system 7' lies well to the left due to the hydroxide ions. Therefore Eѳ ClO-/Cl2 (redox system 7) < Eѳ Cl2/Cl- (redox system 6) Therefore, Cl2 is reduced to ClO- ions by OH- ions. This reaction produces electrons which are then accepted by Cl2 in 'redox system 6' which reduces Cl2 to Cl- ions.

Its all to do with Le Chatelier's principle and the position of equilibrium, because that's what electrode potentials are, a measure of the position of equilibrium. If the position of equilibrium lies to the left, it has a more negative electrode potential and is a stronger reducing agent; if the position of equilibrium lies to the right, it has a more positive electrode potential and is a stronger oxidising agent.
Very well explained sir.
+rep

## Register

Thanks for posting! You just need to create an account in order to submit the post
1. this can't be left blank
2. this can't be left blank
3. this can't be left blank

6 characters or longer with both numbers and letters is safer

4. this can't be left empty
your full birthday is required
1. Oops, you need to agree to our Ts&Cs to register

Updated: June 7, 2016
TSR Support Team

We have a brilliant team of more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on The Student Room, helping to make it a fun, safe and useful place to hang out.

This forum is supported by:
Today on TSR

### How does exam reform affect you?

From GCSE to A level, it's all changing

### Who would you like to thank?

Poll
Study resources

The Student Room, Get Revising and Marked by Teachers are trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd.

Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. 806 8067 22 Registered Office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE

Reputation gems: You get these gems as you gain rep from other members for making good contributions and giving helpful advice.