You are Here: Home >< Physics

# OCR 21st Century Science Physics P4 P5 P6 *Unofficial Mark Scheme 2016*

Announcements Posted on
TSR's new app is coming! Sign up here to try it first >> 17-10-2016
1. Can someone explain how you work out the speed question (with the mass and weight), I spent ages on it and ended up guessing 1.8 for some reason
2. (Original post by g3ob)
Literally everyone I know found it easy, and I even messed up on the 'easy' questions
Yeah I'm doing triple, but I'm awful at P7 :'(
Do you have any tips?
Aw that's a shame although don't forget there's the whole country sitting it - many people from my school didn't like it too much I don't think.
P7 is tricky until you start revising it really - make sure you have a good read of the spec and make sure you know everything. For things like telescopes and lenses, drawing ray diagrams might help you to understand how they work? Make sure you know about fusion in stars etc. Basically just know everything 😂
Then move on to past papers, do a couple. If you need to afterwards, use mark schemes to learn content - as this is precisely what they're looking for. I did this for motors, although they didn't come up in the end. Feel free to PM me if you get stuck with something as I'll try to help you out!
3. (Original post by florahill)
Can someone explain how you work out the speed question (with the mass and weight), I spent ages on it and ended up guessing 1.8 for some reason
Gravitational potential energy at the top = kinetic energy at the bottom
So whatever numbers we were given (I don't remember them), you had to work out the GPE from them I think, then you also had kinetic energy.
Kinetic energy = 1/2 x mass x velocity². So kinetic energy x 2 = mass x velocity².
You were given the mass, so (kinetic energy x 2) / mass = velocity²
So the answer would have been the square root of (kinetic energy x 2) / mass

That probably made no sense - I can't remember the numbers given, sorry!
4. what was question 2)b)ii)?
5. (Original post by Lsford)
what was question 2)b)ii)?
Something along the lines of "why does spinning the magnet faster make the bulb shine brighter?" or something, I'm not sure
6. (Original post by NiamhM1801)
Something along the lines of "why does spinning the magnet faster make the bulb shine brighter?" or something, I'm not sure
Wasn't that in the part about the magnet and the motor though, because question 2 was about a lorry and the forces? Or is that just me?
7. (Original post by NiamhM1801)
Gravitational potential energy at the top = kinetic energy at the bottom
So whatever numbers we were given (I don't remember them), you had to work out the GPE from them I think, then you also had kinetic energy.
Kinetic energy = 1/2 x mass x velocity². So kinetic energy x 2 = mass x velocity².
You were given the mass, so (kinetic energy x 2) / mass = velocity²
So the answer would have been the square root of (kinetic energy x 2) / mass

That probably made no sense - I can't remember the numbers given, sorry!
Thank you that's actually really helpful, I worked out the GPE so hopefully I'll get 1 mark ahaha
8. (Original post by NiamhM1801)
Yay that's nice and low - although I've seen it be 33 before...

Aw that's unfortunate stick with your gut feeling!! And yeah I did last year's paper this morning, the one where you had to circle the currents? Yeah I messed that up too.
On the bright side - you never have to learn about them again! (Unless you're doing A Level I guess..lucky me...)
Yeah - I think the 7s are going to be death this year as the others have been relatively nice

And me too! Also I'm awful at Ideas about Science questions and ethics questions too. Just give me science not RE!!

Really? Yay!! How many marks was this one out of? As I did fully correct working...just with the wrong numbers!
Yeah physics boundaries don't fluctuate too much so we shouldn't overestimate the grade boundaries. I personally found it quite easy but thought last years paper was easier and that had 41 for an A*
9. (Original post by MezmorisedPotato)
Yeah physics boundaries don't fluctuate too much so we shouldn't overestimate the grade boundaries. I personally found it quite easy but thought last years paper was easier and that had 41 for an A*
Yeah I agree, last years paper was easier, so lets hope for even lower grade boundaries!
10. (Original post by Lsford)
Wasn't that in the part about the magnet and the motor though, because question 2 was about a lorry and the forces? Or is that just me?
Yeah it probably was. I don't know why I thought it was there actually.
(Original post by florahill)
Thank you that's actually really helpful, I worked out the GPE so hopefully I'll get 1 mark ahaha
Ah you're welcome
(Original post by MezmorisedPotato)
Yeah physics boundaries don't fluctuate too much so we shouldn't overestimate the grade boundaries. I personally found it quite easy but thought last years paper was easier and that had 41 for an A*
Ooh that's nice. I know they're low for this paper
And I found today's paper easier than last year's, although I did score very highly on last year's paper too.
11. (Original post by g3ob)
Literally everyone I know found it easy, and I even messed up on the 'easy' questions
Yeah I'm doing triple, but I'm awful at P7 :'(
Do you have any tips?
Here's a playlist of P7 videos - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?lis...sKNRIHZbe8kbn0

Edit: Actually nevermind, they're awful. This one on retrograde motion is good though, but I can't seem to find any others - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nQIOyU_xhk0
12. Thanks so much xoxox you're amazing! I'm so happy you got that 'electromagnetic induction' I put that as a complete guess
For the resistance question, I said to improve she should:
repeat experiment to look for outliers
test more wires
test it on a series circuit
keep the type of wires constant

I also said there was a negative cor/ indirectly prop. I think most people said that. I mentioned other stuff like work done/ energy transferred, but definitely not in great detail
13. (Original post by 11207ymir)
I think the first 2are wron as you do 5*4= 20
And for the second one I got 10j
You had to add the 2 N for the empty box too.
14. Did I read the graph incorrectly because wasn't the average speed 150/20 which is 7.5 m/s?
15. (Original post by FIIIRRRE285)
Did I read the graph incorrectly because wasn't the average speed 150/20 which is 7.5 m/s?
That's what I put I think, I'm not sure if that's right though... I just think I've done really bad on this paper tbh
16. (Original post by Ella_08)
Thanks so much xoxox you're amazing! I'm so happy you got that 'electromagnetic induction' I put that as a complete guess
For the resistance question, I said to improve she should:
repeat experiment to look for outliers
test more wires
test it on a series circuit
keep the type of wires constant

I also said there was a negative cor/ indirectly prop. I think most people said that. I mentioned other stuff like work done/ energy transferred, but definitely not in great detail
Haha I wouldn't go that far
And it was a good guess! Educated
Yeah I said to test it on more wires, thinner wires and shorter wires.
Yeah, I'm pretty sure the correlation was the most obvious thing to mention. I did write more than that (about charges colliding with the positive metal ions in the wires) but I think it was mainly weird tangents haha
17. (Original post by FIIIRRRE285)
Did I read the graph incorrectly because wasn't the average speed 150/20 which is 7.5 m/s?
I'm not sure, like I said I'm not saying my answers are definitely correct!
18. Did anyone else wonder how Sarah could even get a reading in her resistance meter without a battery in the circuit??
19. (Original post by NiamhM1801)
1 (a) (i) 22N
(ii) 11 J
(iii) conservation of energy is the idea that energy is never created or destroyed, only transferred or converted. It applies to Roy because his kinetic energy was converted into waste heat energy through conservation.
(b) 5.48 to 2dp - working below
35nx1.5m = 52.5jG.D.P = energy transferred, so 53.5 = 1/2x3.5kgx(velocity)^2Rearrange to get 30 = velocity ^2Velocity = 5.48m/s

2 (a) (i) around 12.5 seconds
(ii) 6.5 m/s
(b) (i) The top tick box, "speed increases, then decreases until the lorry becomes stationary"
(ii) Because it increases the size of the voltage (and therefore current) in the wire.
(c) reaction
(d) Because the forces are acting on different objects. The weight is acting on the road by the lorry and the reaction is acting on the lorry by the road.

3 Car crash seat belt and air bag 6 marker
-in a collision, the car comes to a stop very suddenly
-change in momentum = force x time for which the force acts, therefore as the change in momentum is constant and can't be changed, and as the time is very small, the resultant force is very large
-therefore passengers get injured because there is a large force acting on them, which causes a lot of pressure on the body in a short space of time.
-seat belts are slightly elastic so they stretch slightly. This means that, in a crash, the time taken for the body to stop moving is increased, so the force on the chest is reduced.
-air bags are released. Passengers' heads collide with these instead of the windscreen or dashboard, both of which are hard surfaces. As airbags are soft, they increase the amount of time taken for the passengers' heads to stop moving, so force to the head and neck is reduced.
-by reducing the amount of force, the pressure which the body undergoes is reduced, and so the risk and severity of injury are reduced significantly.

4 Explain how a transformer induces a voltage across the secondary coil: There is an alternating voltage on the primary coil which leads to an alternating current in the coil. This alternating current produces an alternating magnetic field in the iron core which induces an alternating voltage in the secondary coil.

5 (a) Electromagnetic induction
(b) You could have said a few for this one: putting the opposite pole of the magnet in (ie south instead of north), spinning the magnet, taking the magnet out

6 (a) Graph C (the one that looks like a sin graph)
(b) Iron

7 Resistance in parallel wires 6 marker
-the results show a negative correlation, as the number of wires increases, the resistance in the wires decreases
-really need more points as I can't remember mine!!

8 If I remember rightly these were the calculation ones.
(a) (i) 5
(ii) 0.5
(b) (i) 1.5
(ii) 0.2

9 (a) Source C because:
- gamma radiation so it leaves the body quickly
- half life of around 1 hour so the exposure time is quite short and damage is limited
(b) Alpha radiation can't be detected by the badge because it is stopped by all 3 materials so can't pass through any of them.
(c) line drawn from beta to second box down
line drawn from gamma to top box
(d) 4,500,000,000 J
(e) Is this the Eve and Ben question?
(f) He thinks that the perceived risk is higher than the statistical/calculated risk because he has no control over the plant, he doesn't know how it works and so might seem dangerous to him, past nuclear disasters, media and can't see radiation.

10 I think this was the irradiated vegetable 6 marker
-irradiation means being exposed to ionising radiation without coming into direct contact with the source.
-irradiation is used on vegetables to sterilise them - ionising gamma radiation kills all the microbes on the food so it's safe to eat and has a long shelf life (no bacteria exist to grow as mould on it for a while)
-because irradiation doesn't involve contact with the source, the ionising effects stop as soon as the vegetables are removed from the source
-Donna's concerns are unsourced because the food is not radioactive, therefore she cannot become contaminated by eating the vegetables as she is not ingesting radiation
-any more points needed?

? Somewhere in the paper there was the question "how is high level radioactive waste dealt with?" But I don't know where it was: it is stored in glass and steel canisters in water for up to 50 years to cool, before being moved to more permanent storage (burial).

Feel free to add things, or change something you believe is wrong as I am in no way saying that my answers are correct!

I thought I'd make a mark scheme because there have been an annoying lack of them for this board - and I know they're highly sought after. So enjoy!
I'm too sure here are more points for the P5 6 marker:
- increasing the number of pathways means the current gets shared, and therefore it is less in each wire
- this therefore reduces the resistance
- she could improve by using a wider range and more intervals to help get a clear trend

For the P6 six marker, that's all the points I got for why her worries were unfounded of.
20. (Original post by NiamhM1801)
I'm not sure, like I said I'm not saying my answers are definitely correct!

## Register

Thanks for posting! You just need to create an account in order to submit the post
1. this can't be left blank
2. this can't be left blank
3. this can't be left blank

6 characters or longer with both numbers and letters is safer

4. this can't be left empty
1. Oops, you need to agree to our Ts&Cs to register

Updated: June 19, 2016
TSR Support Team

We have a brilliant team of more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on The Student Room, helping to make it a fun, safe and useful place to hang out.

This forum is supported by:
Today on TSR

### How does exam reform affect you?

From GCSE to A level, it's all changing

Poll
Useful resources