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# Transformation of graphs - C3

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1. Hello everyone,

I'm getting confused with the order to perform graph transformations when there are two or more to perform. Is there an easy set of rules to follow to get them right all the time?

2. (Original post by Electrogeek)
Hello everyone,

I'm getting confused with the order to perform graph transformations when there are two or more to perform. Is there an easy set of rules to follow to get them right all the time?

Set of rules? No, this isn't Decision maths.

Just put a bracket around x and that can help transform it in a more accessible way for you.
3. Both inside the brackets? Shift first.
Both outside the brackets? Stretch first.
One in, one out? Order doesn't matter.
4. Maybe if you provide a specific example?
5. Not my thread but oh well. These...

y= |x^2 + x - 3| and y= |x|^2 + |x| - 3
6. (Original post by Ze Witcher)
Not my thread but oh well. These...

y= |x^2 + x - 3| and y= |x|^2 + |x| - 3
7. (Original post by Ze Witcher)
Not my thread but oh well. These...

y= |x^2 + x - 3| and y= |x|^2 + |x| - 3
First one: the graph is 'reflected' (so to speak) in y=0 because y is always positive.
Second one: The graph is reflected in x=0 because x is always positive.

Graph them both to see what I mean.
8. (Original post by B_9710)
Although they're the same equation, why does the |x| in the second one change the shape of the function?
9. (Original post by RDKGames)
First one: the graph is 'reflected' (so to speak) in y=0.
Second one: The graph is reflected in x=0.

Graph them both to see what I mean.
ooh so they're reflections. Thanks i'll try it
10. (Original post by Ze Witcher)
Although they're the same equation, why does the |x| in the second one change the shape of the function?
Because the |x| term is always positive but if it was just x on its own then it can be positive or negative depending if x>0 or x<0.
For the curve you have to consider two separate cases, when and when .
11. (Original post by Ze Witcher)
ooh so they're reflections. Thanks i'll try it
I wouldn't use that word lightly. Just consider what the modulus function does, and what you are applying it to.

Pics below are for then and finally
Attached Images

12. Thanks for the help! I get it a lot better now. I shall have a go at a few questions and see how they go.
13. (Original post by Ze Witcher)
Although they're the same equation, why does the |x| in the second one change the shape of the function?
They aren't the same equation though. You have given two *different* composite functions, namely and where

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