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STEP Maths I,II,III 1987 Solutions

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    Just started looking at some of these and not really up to standard. Can anyone just explain on STEP I question 2 the first part, why the angle is pi/n ?
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    (Original post by thestudent)
    Just started looking at some of these and not really up to standard. Can anyone just explain on STEP I question 2 the first part, why the angle is pi/n ?
    As DFranklin said, you take a right angled triangle, hypotenuse R, small side r consider the angle of this triangle theta such that sin(theta)=r/R.

    Now if you think of it like this, there are 2 'thetas' for every smaller circle and there are n smaller circles, so n=2pi/2theta so theta=pi/n.

    It's kinda hard to explain without a diagram.
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    thanks for the help and thanks for the thread, a great help
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    Here is my attempt at Paper 1 number 6. Does anyone agree with it?
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  1. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER1.6pdf.pdf (28.5 KB, 340 views)
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    (Original post by Dystopia)
    STEP II, Q5.

    i) f(x) = \alpha x

    [y - f(y)]^{n} = y^{n}(1-\alpha)^{n}

    \Rightarrow \frac{\mathrm{d}^{n-1}}{\mathrm{d}y^{n-1}} [y-f(y)]^{n} = n! y (1-\alpha)^{n}

    \displaystyle \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n!}n  !y(1 - \alpha)^{n}

    This is an infinite geometric series with a=y(1-\alpha), \; r=(1-\alpha). Since 0 < \alpha < 2, it converges to \frac{y}{\alpha} - y.

    \Rightarrow f^{-1}(y) = y + \frac{y}{\alpha} - y = \frac{y}{\alpha}

    As expected.

    ii) Let y = f(x) = x - \frac{x^{3}}{4}

    [y - f(y)]^{n} = \frac{y^{3n}}{2^{2n}}

    \frac{\mathrm{d}^{n-1}}{\mathrm{d}y^{n-1}} y^{3n} = \frac{(3n)!}{(2n+1)!}y^{2n+1}

    \displaystyle f^{-1}(y) = y + \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(3n)!y^{2n+1}}{n!(2n+1)!2^  {2n}}

    But y=\frac{1}{2}, so

    \displaystyle x = \frac{1}{2} + \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{(3n)!}{  n!(2n+1)!2^{4n+1}}

    Note that \frac{(3n)!}{n!(2n+1)!2^{4n+1}}=  \frac{1}{2} when n=0.

    \displaystyle x = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(3n)!}{  n!(2n+1)!2^{4n+1}}

    iii) Let y = f(x) = x - e^{\lambda x}

    [y - f(y)]^{n} = e^{\lambda n y}

    \frac{\mathrm{d}^{n-1}}{\mathrm{d}y^{n-1}} [y-f(y)]^{n} = (\lambda n)^{n-1} e^{\lambda n y}

    \displaystyle f^{-1}(y) = y + \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(\lambda n)^{n-1}}{n!} e^{\lambda n y}

    But y = 0, so

    \displaystyle x = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(\lambda n)^{n-1}}{n!}

    Edit: Fixed. Didn't realise it was actually posting last night...
    Been wondering what was wrong with this. Finally realised that in first part you have lower limit of sum as n=0 when it should be n=1
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    Here are my attempts at numbers 9-12 on 1987 STEP Paper I
    I would be grateful for any confirmation or reports of errors.

    Some errors have been discopvered. For revised solutions
    see post no.237 for question 10
    Post 238 for question 11 and post 239 for question 13
    Attached Images
  2. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER1.9.pdf (32.2 KB, 305 views)
  3. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER1.10.pdf (40.6 KB, 239 views)
  4. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER1.11.pdf (41.1 KB, 263 views)
  5. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER1.12.pdf (26.2 KB, 276 views)
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    STEP I numbers 13-16
    Again if anyone could check them I would be most grateful.
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  6. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER1.13.pdf (43.1 KB, 244 views)
  7. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER1.14.pdf (25.2 KB, 178 views)
  8. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER1.15.pdf (45.6 KB, 235 views)
  9. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER1.16.pdf (35.5 KB, 226 views)
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    I think you need to update the links to the papers on the front page, as when I click on them I get sent to some random advertising webiste and am bombarded by pop-ups for 5 minutes.
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    (Original post by brianeverit)
    Been wondering what was wrong with this. Finally realised that in first part you have lower limit of sum as n=0 when it should be n=1
    Thank you for pointing that out; is it correct now?

    Are you also in Y13 btw?
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    The links for the papers don't work.
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    Still not working...
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    (Original post by DaveSimpson)
    Still not working...
    That site no longer "works", it hasn't for several months. Shame, it was really good.
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    Link

    That should work.
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    lol it's no good, just gives me Page cannot be displayed
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    STYEP 1987 Fma
    Questions 2,3 and 4
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  10. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.2.pdf (35.1 KB, 460 views)
  11. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.3.pdf (28.9 KB, 367 views)
  12. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.4.pdf (30.7 KB, 281 views)
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    198987 STEP Fma numbers 8,9 and 10
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  13. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.8.pdf (43.7 KB, 250 views)
  14. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.9.pdf (21.9 KB, 171 views)
  15. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.10.pdf (35.5 KB, 175 views)
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    1987 STEP Fma numbers 12 -16
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  16. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.12.pdf (51.6 KB, 211 views)
  17. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.13.pdf (29.0 KB, 173 views)
  18. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.14.pdf (41.1 KB, 170 views)
  19. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.15.pdf (22.9 KB, 154 views)
  20. File Type: pdf 1987PAPER fma.16.pdf (15.4 KB, 217 views)
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    Those are the answers not the questions.
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    (Original post by DaveSimpson)
    Those are the answers not the questions.
    The purpose of this thead is to provide answers to the 1987 paper questions .
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    Yeah but what's the point of answers if no one has the questions?

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