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Former MUN Charter

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    CHAPTER I - CHARACTER
    Article 1
    Every delegate must debate in the character their country or UNO and stay accurate to that position.
    i.e. The Chinese rep shouldn’t preach capitalism, the Australian rep shouldn’t condone genocide...
    Article 2
    Remember that the opinions expressed here are always the stance of a member’s position and not their own views.
    Article 3
    Acknowledge delegates by their country or UNOs title.
    Article 4
    Stay sensible – declarations of war must obtain a SC resolution or be suspended.

    Article 5
    Representatives debate the following threads out of character
    Threads related to the operating procedure of the MUN
    Elections of Members to Positions of Responsibility
    Votes of No Confidence
    The Off-Topic Thread
    Any thread the Secretary General labels as Out-Of-Character

    CHAPTER II - GENERAL RULES
    Article 6
    Remain courteous at all times. No personal insults.
    Article 7
    All delegates must stay in-character in appropriate threads.
    Article 8
    All delegates shall endeavour to remain active at all times.
    Article 9
    All delegates shall endeavour to take part in all debates.
    Article 10
    All delegates shall endeavour to vote in every resolution.
    Article 11
    All D&D Forum and TSR Forum rules are in force.
    Article 12
    Smileys may be used but not as the sole point in a post in in-character threads.
    Article 13
    All posts expressing condolence sentiments over a tragedy but offer no course of action to meet the problem at hand must be posted in the “Condolences Thread”.

    CHAPTER III - CREATING A RESOLUTION
    Article 14
    New resolutions will be sent to the Secretary General, who will ensure the resolution is correctly written and formatted.
    Article 15
    Only the Secretary General may post new resolutions in the General Assembly.
    Article 16
    The resolution must be directed towards the relevant UN Council i.e. Security; Cultural and Social; Human Rights. The Secretary General will ensure this occurs upon submission.
    Article 17
    Resolutions that do not have implications for International Peace and Security will be voted on solely by the General Assembly of the Model United Nations.
    Article 18
    A vote may commence immediately or left for up to 7 days to allow for a period of discussion. The member submitting the resolution should specify the length of this period to the Secretary General.
    Voting must last either 2 or 3 days.
    Voting must be “Public”.
    Article 19
    In accordance with Chapter VI of the United Nations Charter members will abstain for votes on resolutions concerning their own actions.

    CHAPTER IV - SECURITY COUNCIL – Resolutions
    Article 20
    Security Council Resolutions must have implications for International Peace and Security. Only Security Council Resolutions may include the operative verb “Demands” and may invoke Chapter VI of the United Nations Charter. These resolutions will be passed to the Security Council.
    Article 21
    If the proposer of the resolution or a co-sponsor of the resolution is a member of the Security Council then they are able to post the resolution in the Security Council sub-forum for discussion.
    If the proposer of the resolution is not a member of the Security Council then they should ask the Secretary General be PMing them with the resolution to post it in the Security Council sub-forum.
    Article 22
    Once the resolution has been posted to the Security Council subforum a discussion lasting a maximum of 7 days shall be held.
    Article 23
    A vote will then be held lasting 3 days.
    Article 24
    The representatives of the United Kingdom, the United States, the Republic of France, the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China have power of veto over resolutions in the Security Council by voting against the resolution. Voting must be “Public”
    Article 25
    In accordance with Article 27 subsection 3 of the UN Charter targets of a Security Council Resolution sitting on the Security Council will abstain during the vote.

    CHAPTER V - OPERATING PROCEDURE
    Article 26
    The Operating Procedure and Charter of the Model United Nations can be altered or reformed by a simple vote in the General Assembly.
    Article 27
    Reform threads are debated out of character. Votes are private.

    CHAPTER VI - THE SECRETARY GENERAL - ELECTION
    Article 28
    The Secretary General will announce their resignation in a new thread in the General Assembly.
    Article 29
    The Secretary General will ask for Manifestos from all potential candidates. The period for accepting manifestos should last around 7 days.
    The Secretary General will post all manifestos in a new thread.
    Article 30
    The Secretary General will allow a Question & Answer period of 48 hours.
    Article 31
    The Secretary General will begin an election lasting 5 days.
    Article 33
    The election shall be a secret ballot.
    Article 34
    The results will not be disclosed until voting has finished.
    Article 35
    The candidates will not declare support for a candidate until after the poll has closed. This applies to all elections to any position in the MUN.
    Article 36
    If there are any suspicious votes then the Moderators shall be alerted and asked to check IP addresses. If fraudulent behaviour is discovered then the votes shall be discounted and the member responsible shall be permanently removed from the MUN.
    Article 37
    If a candidate in the election is discovered to have been involved in fraud in any way then their candidacy shall be terminated.
    Article 38
    Candidates shall not be permitted to campaign via private messaging during the election. Candidates can only PM other candidates and the incumbent Secretary General on topics relating to the election.
    Article 39
    The Secretary General may vote in the election.
    Article 40
    In the event of a tie in the votes at the end of the election the Secretary General shall hold another vote between the tied candidates.
    Article 41
    The TSR Moderation team can refuse the Secretary General Election winner due to the Secretary General’s power as a Forum Assistant.

    CHAPTER VII - THE SECRETARY GENERAL – POWERS AND LIMITATIONS
    Article 42
    The decision of the Secretary General is final in all matters.
    Article 43
    All decisions of the Secretary General must be in the best interests of the MUN.
    Article 44
    The Secretary General may be removed at any time by a Vote of No Confidence.
    Article 45
    The Secretary General must maintain the MUN forum and subforum
    a) Moving, closing and creating threads as necessary.
    b) Editing, moving and removing posts as necessary.
    c) Enacting changes to the forum as suggested and voted for by the membership of the MUN but subject to the limitations permitted by the Owners and Moderators of TSR
    d) Enacting Roll Calls in order to ensure the entire General Assembly is active at all times
    Article 46
    The Secretary General shall act as head of the MUN Usergroup and admit new members and remove inactive members
    Article 47
    The Secretary General shall officiate in the election of representatives of Major Countries, non-permanent Security Council elections and the election of the next Secretary General
    Article 48
    The Secretary General shall enforce the Charter and the Rules of TSR and penalise those who break them persistently.
    Article 49
    The Secretary General shall endeavour to consistently improve the MUN forum with consultation with the membership and Moderation team as necessary.
    Article 50
    The Secretary General shall mediate in all disputes and remove personal debates from the MUN forum.
    Article 51
    The Secretary General is the only person in the MUN allowed to close and re-open threads except for relevant Moderators.
    Article 52
    The Secretary General and relevant Moderators are the only people in the MUN allowed to edit any
    posts not of their original writing.
    Article 53
    The Secretary General must ensure correct procedure is followed at all times including
    a) debating in-character threads in-character
    b) acting courteously at all times
    c) alter resolutions directed at an incorrect Council
    Article 54
    A Secretary General will serve a minimum term of six months unless removed by Vote of No Confidence.
    At the end of each term a Secretary General can either run to retain his/her position or step down.
    The process will follow the usual election for a Secretary General.

    CHAPTER VIII - DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURE
    Article 55
    The “three strikes” policy is in effect in the MUN – a Cliché but effective.
    Article 56
    If the Secretary General considers that a representative has broken any of the articles of the Charter
    then they may issue a public warning.
    Article 57
    Only the Secretary General may issue warnings or punishments in the MUN, though any member may alert the Secretary General to suspected impropriety.
    Article 58
    Obtaining three warnings will result in the representative being removed from the MUN.
    Article 59
    A member representing a Major Country can be demoted at the discretion of the Secretary General to a smaller country after receiving any number of warnings.
    Article 60
    Removal from the Model United Nations need not be permanent and the former representative can be reconsidered for a role in the MUN at the discretion of the Secretary General
    Article 61
    Personal disputes may not be discussed within the MUN. Personal disputes should be discussed by PM. Such posts can be removed by the Secretary General and warnings may be issued.

    CHAPTER IX – COMPLAINTS
    Article 62
    If one representative has concerns relevant to the MUN with another MUN delegate then they may
    notify the Secretary General by PM.
    Article 63
    The Secretary General will consider the complaint and may PM all those concerned.
    Article 64
    A representative may request the Secretary General post a Vote of No Confidence against any member of the MUN.
    Article 65
    If the Secretary General considers this legitimate then they will begin the Vote of No Confidence.
    Article 66
    The Security Council may override the result of the Vote of No Confidence if they feel that the member in question is being unfairly victimised. There is no veto on this discussion and vote.
    Article 67
    Complaints against the Secretary General may be sent to the Moderation team via Ask a Moderator (?) or a Vote of No Confidence may be called.

    CHAPTER X - ELECTIONS FOR REPRESENTATIVES OF MAJOR COUNTRIES
    Article 68
    A “Major Country” is a permanent member of the Security Council – UK, USA, China, Russia, France and India.
    Article 69
    The Secretary General may call an election for the representative of any nation if there are multiple applicants or if the Secretary General considers that the lack of a competent representative for that role would hinder the MUN.
    Article 70
    The Secretary General may start a thread stating that the position is open.
    Any prospective candidates should PM the Secretary General with a Manifesto.
    If the election is called by virtue of the incumbent delegate being removed by operation of Article 81, that incumbent may not stand for re-election.
    The Secretary General should allow at least six days for submitting Manifestos.
    A Manifesto should detail why the representative considers they are suitable for such an important role and should ideally be between 100 and 200 words.
    The Secretary General will start a thread with all Manifestos in a random order in the OP.
    Article 71
    A Question & Answer period of 48 hours will ensure for the entire MUN to question candidates.
    Article 72
    Members shall attempt to ask the candidates equally difficult questions
    Article 73
    NO member shall announce their support for a candidate during this time period or during the vote
    Article 74
    NO member shall comment on the level of competition
    Article 75
    The Secretary General will then open a poll which will last for 48 hours.
    The “Re-Open Nominations” or “RON” option shall be included.
    The results of the poll will be hidden until the poll is closed.
    Article 76
    The Secretary General may not vote in this poll unless there is a tie in the voting. The Secretary General has the casting vote.
    Article 77
    Candidates shall not be permitted to campaign via private messaging during the election.

    CHAPTER XI - NON-PERMANENT MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL
    Article 78
    There are three additional seats on the Security Council on a non-permanent basis
    Article 79
    The recipient countries of representation on the Security Council shall be chosen by a vote in the General Assembly.
    Article 80
    The procedure for this vote is the same as for permanent or P5 nations though the Manifestos should detail why a COUNTRY is suitable for the role and not the representative.
    Article 81
    A representative may change countries in order to stand for the election in a more viable seat.
    Article 82
    Once all of the non-permanent positions have been filled, a democratic voting process will begin to decide which country recieves the veto power.

    Each non-permanent country will submit a manifesto that is between 100 and 200 words describing why their country should recieve the veto power

    After a maximum of three days debate and Q&A a Poll shall be added and the voting shall last no more than 3 days.

    The results shall be decided on a "first past the post" system.

    CHAPTER XII - TERM DURATIONS
    Article 83
    Representatives for the P5 nations must occupy the seat for a minimum of 60 days. This can be lifted due to personal issues at the discretion of the Security Council.
    P5 Representatives can be removed if
    a) they have been inactive for a period of 3 weeks without explanation offered prior to their absence by either entirely failing to post or failing to make adequate representation when their presence would have substantially benefitted the MUN
    b) another representative requests the Secretary General hold an election for the post

    Article 84
    Non Permanent members of the Security Council remain in their post for 60 days.
    During this period the representatives are not permitted to change countries.
    Non Permanent members of the Security Council shall hold their seat for a period of 60 days and for an indeterminate period thereafter unless
    a) they have been inactive for a period of 3 weeks by either entirely failing to post or failing to make adequate representation when their presence would have substantially benefitted the MUN
    b) another representative requests the Secretary General holds an election for the post

    Article 85
    The minimum duration of any of these terms can be overridden by the discretion of the Secretary General or by a Vote of No Confidence or by the gaining of warnings.

    CHAPTER XIII - UNITED NATIONS OBSERVERS AND ORGANIZATIONS
    Article 86
    UNO representatives are subject to all the MUN Rules except for the following
    a) UNO representatives cannot vote on any resolutions that strictly concern nation politics or security.
    b) UNO representatives can vote in Out Of Character and Reform threads
    c) UNO representatives can vote in elections for Security Council representatives
    d) UNO representatives can vote in elections for Secretary Generals
    e) UNO representatives cannot vote in elections for non-permanent Security Council representatives

    Article 87
    UNO representatives must remain politically neutral in all in character discussions

    CHAPTER XIV - HYPOTHETICAL AND HISTORICAL THREADS
    Article 88
    Hypothetical and Historical Scenarios are those that deal with situations that are not currently occurring in the real World.
    Article 89
    These threads must only be initiated by the Secretary General.
    These scenarios may be requested by any member of the General Assembly.
    Article 90
    No member may use military force without first privately contacting the Secretary General with details of this force while providing as many details as possible.
    Article 91
    Only the Secretary General may announce any development in the scenario such as the use of military force, natural disasters, breeches of international law etc
    Article 92
    Resolutions may be created but must be titled according to Chapter XIX

    CHAPTER XV – DUEL REPRESENTATION
    Article 93
    Senior Representatives of the MUN (these being SC members or members who have been particularly active over a period of at least two months) will be given the ability to simultaneously represent two nations at the discretion of the Secretary General.
    Article 94
    Voting shall take place on In Character resolutions with the representative voting in the poll with their primary nation and posting the vote of their two nations.
    Out of Character votes are will be unaltered.
    Article 95
    The representative shall make posts in the character of each of their Duel Represented nations in separate colours.
    Another method may be used by approval of the Secretary General.
    Article 96
    The DRed nation shall not be permitted to join the SC as a non-perm member.
    Article 97
    A lack of activity while DRing will result in the DRed nation being removed.

    CHAPTER XVI - EMERGENCY SPECIAL SESSIONS
    Article 98
    Emergency Special Sessions are threads for debate to be held in the SC Voting forum with Security Council members and extra members in order to discuss relevant situations to the Model United Nations and draft resolutions or statements on this issue.
    Article 99
    Any representative may PM the Secretary General requesting an Emergency Special Session.
    The Secretary General shall contact all Security Council members and invite them to the Session.
    Article 100
    Members of the Security Council or the originator of the request or the Secretary General may ask of the Secretary General to invite relevant members of the General Assembly to the Emergency Special Session.
    These members will be temporarily allowed into the Security Council usergroup at the discretion of the Secretary General and Moderation team solely for the duration of the Emergency Special Session.
    Article 101
    A Joint Public Statement can be drafted as a result of the Emergency Special Session where all or a majority of Security Council members outline a short statement on outlining the stance of the Security Council.
    This Joint Public Statement will be released to the General Assembly by one Security Council members on behalf of the entire Security Council.

    CHAPTER XVII - TIME LIMIT EXTENTIONS
    Article 102
    The Secretary General shall have the power to extend or decrease time limits on all elections, debates and votes in the GA and SC subfora by 50% or less during periods of decreased activity such as during exam seasons.

    CHAPTER XVIII – House of Commons

    The representative for the UNO of the House of Commons will be put forward by the TSR House of Commons according to their rules.
    The Secretary General will have the power to veto any candidate from the House of Commons if they feel it is in the best interests of the Model United Nations.

    CHAPTER XIX - SUMMITS

    The representatives of the Model United Nations shall gather to discuss issues without seeking a Security Council Resolution or to discuss treaties in a Summit.

    The Secretary General can initiate a Summit by calling on all members to join in discussion on the matter.
    These Summits can be initiated by any member of the General Assembly by posing a Position Paper or similar on the subject.
    These Summits can be initiated by any relevant UNO.

    The goal of the Summit should be
    a) the creation of a new Treaty
    b) the Revision or Reform of an Extant Treaty, whether from Real Life or the Model United Nations
    The acceptance of the Treaty by each representative shall be counted as the ratification of the Treaty by that country except in the case of the United Kingdom.
    The Treaty shall be ratified on behalf of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland by the TSR House of Commons according to their law.
    The Secretary General or Representative of the United Kingdom in the Model United Nations shall send the final Treaty document to the Speaker of the House of Commons or the Prime Minister of the House of Commons or the Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs of the United Kingdom.

    Each individual Treaty will have separate time limits and sanctions for its breach and clauses for withdrawal from Treaty obligations and verification protocols which will be determined by the representatives when the Treaty is drafted.

    The results of the Summits will be recorded by the Secretary General in a way possible for public viewing.

    CHAPTER XX – AWARDS
    Every November-December the Secretary General will endeavour to hold an awards ceremony to honour the best of the best of the best of the MUN reps.

    CHAPTER XXI – MUN OBSERVERS
    Notable former Model United Nations Representatives who no longer feel able to occupy a full nations seat can act as MUN Observers.
    MUN Observers cannot vote on resolutions.
    MUN Observers can vote on elections and reforms.
    MUN Observers can take part in any debate.

    CHAPTER XXII - THREAD TITLES

    Normal Resolutions shall be titled :-
    Resolution (year)/(number) – (title)
    e.g.
    Resolution 2009/01 – Israel Vs Gaza

    Historical Scenario Resolutions
    HIST (year)/(number) – (title)
    e.g.
    HIST 2009/01 – World War II

    Hypothetical Scenario Resolutions
    HYP (year)/(number) – (title)
    e.g.
    HYP 2009/01 – Korean War

    CHAPTER XXIII - ADDENDUM
    This Charter is not exhaustive and the Secretary General must use their discretion to enforce and adapt this Charter. The Secretary General shall impose restrictions, sanctions or practice directions necessary to maintain the effective function of the MUN as situations require.

    The Secretary General is bound by the conditions outlined the in the Moderators section of the Terms and Conditions of TSR.
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    This supersedes the MUN’s second charter on the 03/08/2009. The vote is located here.

    That Charter superseded the Original Charter on the 12/07/2007
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    Reforms added immediately on:-

    The HoC seat

    Secretary General as Mediator


    How to Amend a Treaty
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    Reforms to be added:-

    Deputy Secretary General

    Attorney General
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    Chapter III amended following reform.
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    Chapter X amended following reform.
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    Updated due to this vote:

    http://www.thestudentroom.co.uk/show....php?t=2047144
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    Previous changes and additions to the Charter according to this:

    http://www.thestudentroom.co.uk/show...hlight=charter

    Had not been made. Changes and additions have now been done.
Updated: July 14, 2012
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