Model House of Commons Constitution - The Student Room
Results are out! Find what you Get quick advice or join the chat
  • Model House of Commons Constitution

TSR Wiki > Life > Debating > TSR Model House of Commons > Model House of Commons Constitution

Model House of Commons Constitution

This article is write protected. If you think something needs editing on this page, you should start a thread in Ask a Moderator

This constitution is binding, as are the sections of the Model House of Commons Guidance Document that are specifically referred to by the constitution.


1.The Speaker

1.1.has the following responsibilities:

1.1.1.overseeing the house as a forum assistant and ruling where the Constitution does not specify a course of action
1.1.2.being group leader of the MP user group and admitted elected MPs
1.1.3.organising the debate and voting on bills, amendments and motions
1.1.4.updating the Hansard, Constitution and Model House of Commons Guidance Document
1.1.5.running general, speakership, deputy speakership and, if requested, party leadership elections
1.1.6.enforcing the Constitution

1.2.shall be elected by the MP’s of the House of Commons, following the procedure set out in the Guiding Document

1.3.must be a current or former MP when standing for election

1.4.must resign from their seat and remain politically neutral throughout their speakership

1.5.can be removed by a vote of no confidence.

2.The Deputy Speaker(s) the Speaker and fill in in their absence

2.2.shall be elected and serve as above, except that Deputy Speakers can retain their seats and party affiliation, while still remaining politically neutral when conducting speakership business

2.3.are responsible for running a vote of no confidence in the speaker, and the subsequent Speakership election should this pass.

3.The General Election

3.1. will elect 50 MPs using the d’Hondt method

3.2. will be held if a general election is held in real life, if the Prime Minister calls one, or if 6 months have passed since the last election (this can be postponed for up to 30 days at the Speaker’s discretion)

3.3. shall follow the format in the Guiding Document.


4.1.are the only members of the house who may vote on bills, treaties, amendments, motions, petitions or votes of no confidence in the Government, Speaker or Deputy Speaker(s), and the only members bar the Speaker and Deputy Speakers who may post in the Division Lobby.

4.2.can be independently elected or appointed by party leaders up to the amount of seats that party won in the last election

4.3.can appoint a proxy to vote when they are unable to do so

4.4.leave their seats with their party if they choose to leave, with the exception of independent MPs who retain their seat if they join or leave a party.

4.5 A list of MPs, as well as leader and deputy leader (or equivalent) of each party will be listed on the relevant party’s Q+A thread.

4.5.1 Should an MP be replaced within the party, even by a replacement MP for a short period of time, this should be notified in the relevant parties Q+A thread within 48 hours at maximum.


5.1.are formed when approved by the administration team and Speaker (please see the Guiding Document)

5.2.are administered by the Speaker until a party leader is elected, thereafter administration responsibilities fall to the party leader

5.3.will be shut down if either:

5.3.1.there is no activity in their sub-forum for a period of 1 month
5.3.2.none of their MPs vote for a period of 1 month
5.3.3.the party leader steps down and no-one replaces them
5.3.4.the Speaker deems them to be inactive

6.The Government formed by the party or coalition with the most seats. In the event of a tie in the number of seats, which party or coalition forms the Government shall be decided by, in order (moving to the next one if tied), the highest number of votes in the preceding election, the lowest number of parties in the coalition, the highest number of seats in a single party in a coalition, and the highest number of votes in a single party in a coalition. If these are all equal, there is no government.

6.2.shall form as per by the Guiding Document.

7.The Opposition formed by the party or coalition with the second highest number of seats. In the event of a tie, it will be decided as for the Government above.

7.2.shall form as per by the guiding document.


8.1.can be submitted by:

8.1.1.a party with at least one MP (as a party bill through the party’s designated person for submitting bills) MP (as a private members bill)
8.1.3.a party without an MP (as a party bill) or a non-MP (as a private members bill) when seconded by an MP, who must also be named on the bill

8.2.will be laid out in the format and following the timings given in the guiding document

8.3.will be passed if more MPs vote Aye than No.


9.1.amend the constitution or guiding document

9.2.can be submitted by: MP when seconded by 4 other MPs, at least one of whom must be from a different party, who must all be named on the amendment
9.2.2.a non-MP when seconded by 5 MPs, at least one of whom must be from a different party, who must all be named on the amendment

9.3.will be laid out in the format and following the timings given in the guiding document the guiding document will be passed if more MPs vote Aye than No the constitution will be passed if twice as many MPs vote Aye as No

10.Votes of No Confidence

10.1.can be called in:

10.1.1.The Speaker
10.1.2.The Deputy Speaker(s)
10.1.3.The Government
10.1.4.Party Leaders

10.2.remove the subject in question and except in the case of a vote of a government losing a vote of no confidence, shall lead to a new election. In the case of a new Speakership election following a vote of no confidence, it is run by a Deputy Speaker who is not running, or failing that a supermoderator or administrator.

10.3 when successfully called in the government will disband the current government and allow parties 7 days to propose a coalition government. If the VoNC was called in a coalition government, that same coalition government may not reform for the rest of that term.

11. Referendums

11.1 A referendum can be held at any point during a term.

11.2 Referendums will be voted on by the populous of TSR (who meet requirements - see guidance document).

11.3 A referendum can be called by process of a Bill being passed or a petition of MP's.

12. Treaties

12.1. Can be submitted by the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs.

12.2. Will be laid out in the format and following the timings given in the Guidance Document.

12.3. Will be ratified by the House if more MPs vote Aye than No.

13. Crisis Committee

1) Will be a committee of at least 1 member of each party, exceptions explained in the Guidance Document.

2) Activity will be organised in accordance with the Guidance Document.

Other HoC Articles

About the TSR Model House of CommonsMHoC PetitionsThe Current ParliamentMHoC: History (Parties, Independents, Positions)MHoC: History (Elections, Parliaments, Governments)MHoC: History (Ministers, Cabinets, Privy Council)MHoC TreatiesMHoC HansardMHoC MotionsMHoC ConstitutionMHoC Guidance DocumentMHoC Current LawMHoC Economic RecordMHoC Amendments

Try Learn together, TSR's study area

revision notes




a study planner

of discussions

Today on TSR

What uni's really like

Chill those freshers fears...

Would you date a smoker?

Looking for some help?

Ask our friendly student community a question

Ask a question now

Or get help from our smart tools and guides

GCSE help A-level help Uni application help Everything else