14F childhood

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what was childhood like in preindustrial society?
children were economic assets because they worked and were treated the same as adults
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what did Aries find?
that children were 'little adults' who worked like adults and wore adults clothing, childrens services didnt exist
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what did Shorter find?
siblings often had the same name because their parents would forget how many children they had
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what was childhood like in industrial society?
working class children worked but upper and middle class parents could afford to send their children to school helping to change people's attitudes towards children
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what is childhood like in modern society?
society is child centered and parents have fewer children to spend more time and money on them, children are seen as different to adults needing special care and protection
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what did the human rights watch find about tobacco companies
tobacco companies buy from farms that employ child workers, putting them at risk of nicotine poisoning and causing them to start smoking
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what did the human rights watch find about child soldiers?
many children as young as eight are serving in the armed forces on the front line and in suicide missions because they are forced
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what did Punch find?
children in Bolivia are expected to work from age 5
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what is the globalisation of western childhood?
the way western views about childhood are being globalised and moving to developing countries about children being different and more vulnerable than adults
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what are the reasons childhood has improved?
children's rights, child labour laws, child protection laws, compulsory school, childrens rights, child centredness, low infant mortality, age laws
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what is the name of the act based on child protection?
1989 Children Act
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what year was compulsory schooling introduced?
1880
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what is the name of the children's rights?
United Nations convention on the rights of children
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what are the reasons childhood has not improved?
sexualisation of childrens clothes, age patriarchy, abuse, pressure, divorce, toxic childhood, gender/social class/ethnicity
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what did Hillman find?
boys are more likely to be allowed out at night alone
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what did Bonke find?
girls do more domestic labour than boys
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what did Brannen find?
Asian parents are more strict with their daughters
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what did Howard find?
children from poorer families are more likely to suffer illness, be shorter in height, perform worse at school and die in infancy
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what did Gittens argue?
adults dominate children and control their life such as what they wear and their routine, they can also enforce violence on them
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what position is the UK for childrens wellbeing according to UNICEF?
16 out of 29
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what did Palmer say?
argues that changes to technology, computer games, junk food and marketing has damaged children's emotional/intellectual development causing autism/ADHD. Children live in the electronic village preventing them from getting fresh air
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what are the two ways in which childhood is becoming similar to adulthood?
dissappearance of childhood and marketisation
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what did Postman argue?
that childhood is disappearing because children are exposed to the same media as adults whereas in the past the news was printed meaning children couldnt read it
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what did Buckingham say?
marketing to children has made them a large economic force causing advertisers to tailor adverts to children and increase pester power
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what is the postmodernist view of childhood?
childhood is becoming more unstable because relationships have become more unstable making them likely to experience divorce, showing they need more protection
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what did Jenks say?
childhood is becoming more unstable because relationships are more unstable today
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what is the new right view of childhood?
ineffective socialisation causes social issues like crime, education failure and discipline issues. children have more say in decisions today which is different from the past when they were seen not heard
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what is the functionalist view of childhood?
children learn through socialisation and the family socialises children into the shared norms and values of society. children are vulnerable and need protection
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what is the marxist view of childhood?
children are socialised into rci by their parents and are produced to be the next generation of workers. they use pester power to get their parents to buy products
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Card 2

Front

what did Aries find?

Back

that children were 'little adults' who worked like adults and wore adults clothing, childrens services didnt exist

Card 3

Front

what did Shorter find?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what was childhood like in industrial society?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is childhood like in modern society?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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