1. Who found that under the age of 4 children show no signs of gender constancy, but have strong gender stereotypes?
- Martin & Little (1990)
- Lyotard et al (1998)
- Wilks and James (2003)
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2. What problem does this theory address that Kohlbergs theory misses?
- That children do not go through every stage
- That sex-typed behaviour is there before the understanding of gender constancy
- That sex-types behaviour does not occur until at least 7
3. What is the difference between Kohlberg's theory and Martin and Halverson's theory?
- Gender differences in the process
- The ages in which the processes take place
- The amount of stages in the process
4. What would children look at the create this gender schema
- role models and their enviroment
- Role models only
- Peers and their behaviours
5. What did Campbell (2000) discover about preferences to gender?
- Girls aged 7 months had no preference on which gender they watched
- Boys at ages 9 months preferred to look at boy orientated activities and toys
- Boys and girls ages 10 months looked at the opposite gender and their activities
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