AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Gender Schema Theory

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 01-04-14 17:45

1. Who found that under the age of 4 children show no signs of gender constancy, but have strong gender stereotypes?

  • Martin & Little (1990)
  • Lyotard et al (1998)
  • Wilks and James (2003)
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2. What problem does this theory address that Kohlbergs theory misses?

  • That children do not go through every stage
  • That sex-typed behaviour is there before the understanding of gender constancy
  • That sex-types behaviour does not occur until at least 7

3. What is the difference between Kohlberg's theory and Martin and Halverson's theory?

  • Gender differences in the process
  • The ages in which the processes take place
  • The amount of stages in the process

4. What would children look at the create this gender schema

  • role models and their enviroment
  • Role models only
  • Peers and their behaviours

5. What did Campbell (2000) discover about preferences to gender?

  • Girls aged 7 months had no preference on which gender they watched
  • Boys at ages 9 months preferred to look at boy orientated activities and toys
  • Boys and girls ages 10 months looked at the opposite gender and their activities


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