AS & A-Level Textiles: Fibres

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Define what a fibre is?
A fine and flexible textile raw material
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What is a staple fibre?
Short natural fibres that are usually a few milliliters or a meter in length
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Give 3 examples of a staple fibre
Any of the following (all natural fibres expect silk): Cotton, Wool, Cashmere, Mohair, Angora, Ramie, Linen
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Explain what a continous filament Fibre is?
A long textile raw materiel that can run the whole length of a whole yarn. All synthetic fibres including the natural fibre Silk are continuous filaments
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Why is silk a continuous filament fibre?
Silk can be as long as a kilometre when it is taken out of a silk cocoon and so it cant be a staple fibre
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Define the term 'Microfibres'
Microfibres are a combination of number of very fine fibres into one yarn of decitex or less. They are around 60 to 100 times finer than human hair. Common microfibres are manufactured from polyester, polyamide or acrylic
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What can mircofibres be used for?
1. To produce blends of synthetic or natural fibres 2. they can be used in fabrics that have a variety of end-uses and appearances 3. smart & technical fabrics for active wear, sportswear, All weather wear and a range of industrial uses
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Name 3 examples of Mircofibres
Any 3 from: Tencel, Elastane (Lycra), Nylon, Kevlar, Nomax, Trogamide
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Bonus Question: What are the 3 main stages of how textile materials are made?
1. Spinning (Fibres are spun into yarns) 2. Weaving or Knitting (Yarns become fabrics) 3. Finishing (Fabrics are finished to make them more useful for their end-use)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a staple fibre?

Back

Short natural fibres that are usually a few milliliters or a meter in length

Card 3

Front

Give 3 examples of a staple fibre

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Explain what a continous filament Fibre is?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why is silk a continuous filament fibre?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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