Augustine-Key Thinkers

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  • Created by: ksg97
  • Created on: 22-08-20 15:52
Emperor Constantine (272-337AD)
Roman Emperor, had a conversion experience in 311AD that made him stop persecuting Christians. Called the Council of Nicea in 325AD which gave the key principles of the Christian faith.
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Plotinus (204-270AD)
Neoplatonist that influenced Augustine by discussing the tension within humans of good and evil. He claimed evil as a thing didn't exist and there was just the Form of the Good humans had to seek.
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Pelagius (354-418AD)
Advocate of free will that said humans could seek good for themselves without the grace of God. He rejected original sin and was denounced a heretic by the Catholic Church at the Council of Carthage.
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Bishop Ambrose (337-397AD)
Doctor of the Church and Bishop of Milam; his teaching inspired Augustine.
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St Paul (5-67AD)
Key saint of the early Church and wrote over a third of the New Testament. His writing on sin hugely influenced Augustine.
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Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679AD)
Philosopher who wrote 'Leviathan'. He had grim views on human nature, saying it was "naturally wicked" and human lives were "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short".
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John Locke (1632-1704AD)
Key philosopher of the Enlightenment who described human beings as a tabula rasa; natures are not inherent but rather shaped and decided by our experiences.
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Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778AD)
Influenced by Locke, said human beings are born good but corrupted by society. "Man is born free yet everywhere he is in chains".
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Jean Paul Sartre (1905-1980)
Atheist existentialist philosopher that advocated the tabula rasa idea, stating that no creator means no innate human nature. We write our own stories and fates, and are "condemned to be free".
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Richard Dawkins
Atheist evolutionary biologist who views the concept of original sin as incredibly damaging.
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Stephen Pinker (b1954)
Atheist thinker that challenges traditional ideas about human nature saying humans have a tendency towards violence and goodness as evinced throughout history.
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Reinhold Niebuhr
Christian realist who witnessed the human tendency to corrupt the good as a fact of life.
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Card 2

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Neoplatonist that influenced Augustine by discussing the tension within humans of good and evil. He claimed evil as a thing didn't exist and there was just the Form of the Good humans had to seek.

Back

Plotinus (204-270AD)

Card 3

Front

Advocate of free will that said humans could seek good for themselves without the grace of God. He rejected original sin and was denounced a heretic by the Catholic Church at the Council of Carthage.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Doctor of the Church and Bishop of Milam; his teaching inspired Augustine.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Key saint of the early Church and wrote over a third of the New Testament. His writing on sin hugely influenced Augustine.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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