Biotechnology - basics

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Define Biotechnology
Technology based on biology and involves the exploitation of living organims or biological processes to manufacture useful products (cheese) and provide useful human services (drugs).
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Biotechnology is used in four main areas of our life, name them.
Healthcare & Medicine, Industry,Food and agriculture.
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How is biotechnology used for healthcare?
For the production of drugs and other pharmaceutical chemicals such as penicillin (an antibiotic medicine)
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How is biotechnology used in Industry?
For the production of enzymes for commercial use, e.g Pectinase enzyme which is used for fruit juice extraction.
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microorganisms can grow well at reletively low temperatures. Why is this a helpfull?
The grow at lower temperatures than chemical engineering so therefore its cheaper as less energy is used and better for the environement (less fossil fuels used)
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Microorganims often produce proteins or chemicals into their surrounding growth medium, is this an advantage?
Yes because the proteins can be harvested and used. For example when grown in certain conditions the fungus A niger produces and secrets the enzyme pectinase which can be used commercially.
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Card 2

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Biotechnology is used in four main areas of our life, name them.

Back

Healthcare & Medicine, Industry,Food and agriculture.

Card 3

Front

How is biotechnology used for healthcare?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is biotechnology used in Industry?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

microorganisms can grow well at reletively low temperatures. Why is this a helpfull?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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