Buddhism key words

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  • Created by: Sophiagb
  • Created on: 19-02-18 14:45
Arhat
for Theravada Buddhists, someone who has become enlightened.
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Bodhisattva
For Mahayana Buddhists, someone who has become enlightened but chooses to remain in the cycle of samsara (suffering) to help others to achieve enlightenment as well.
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The Four sights
old age, illness, death and a holy man.
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Jataka
the jataka tales are popular stories about the life the Buddha
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Ascetic
living a simple and strict lifestyles with few pleasures and possessions.
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Meditation
A practice of calming and focusing the mind, and reflecting deeply on specific teachings to penetrate there true meanings.
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Enlightenment
The gaining of true knowledge about God, self of the nature of reality, usually through meditation and self discipline.
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Mara
A demon that represents spiritual obstacles, especially temptation.
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The three watches of the night
The three realisations that the Buddha made in order to achieve enlightenment.
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The 5 ascetics
The Buddhas first 5 students:5 monks who followed ascetic practices.
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Dhamma
The Buddhas teachings
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Pali
language of the earliest Buddhist scriptures.
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Sanskrit
language used in later Buddhist texts.
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Dependent arising
the idea that all things arise in dependence of conditions.
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The Tibetan wheel of life
an image that symbolises samsara often found in Tibetan Buddhists monasteries and temples.
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Dukkha
the 1st noble truth that is that there is suffering.
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Annica
Impermanence; Change
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Anatta
the idea that people do not have a permanent, fixed self or seal.
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the five aggregates
the 5 aspects that makes up a person; mental formations, sensations, consciousness, form, perception
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Theravada Buddhism
the school of the elders: an ancient Buddhist tradition found in Southern Asia.
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Mahayana Buddhism
an umbrella term for later Buddhist traditions.
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Sunyata
emptiness; the concept that nothing has to be separate independent soul or self.
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Buddha-Nature
The idea that everyone has the essence of the Buddha inside them.
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Buddhahood
when someone achieves enlightenment and becomes enlightened.
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Pureland Buddhists
a Mahayana form of Buddhism based on the belief of Amitabha Buddhism
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Amitabha Buddha
the Buddha worshipped by pure land buddhists
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Sukhavti
paradise where Amitabha Buddha lives, and where pure land buddhists want to be reborn
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Tanha
craving
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The 4 noble truths
The 4 key truths that the buddha knew about suffering and how to end it.
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Card 2

Front

For Mahayana Buddhists, someone who has become enlightened but chooses to remain in the cycle of samsara (suffering) to help others to achieve enlightenment as well.

Back

Bodhisattva

Card 3

Front

old age, illness, death and a holy man.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the jataka tales are popular stories about the life the Buddha

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

living a simple and strict lifestyles with few pleasures and possessions.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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