Byzantine relations 1174-1204

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  • Created by: Emilia1
  • Created on: 29-05-17 16:43
When was the Battle of Myriokephalon and what happened?
September 1176 and the Seljuk Sultan of Anatolia, Kilij Arslan II (who succeeded Masud in 1156) defeated the Byzantines. They suffered few loses but severe damage to Byzantine prestige
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Why did Baldwin IV renew ties with Byzantium in 1176?
Aimed for a new attack on Egypt
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What did Reynald of Chatillon negotiate with Emperor Manuel in Winter 1176-77?
To reassert Greek influence, Manuel promised to provide naval support for an allied offensive against Egypt in return for the Latin Kingdom's status as a Byzantine protectorate and reinstate a Byzantine patriarch in Jerusalem
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When did a Greek fleet arrive in Acre and why did no attack on Egypt occur?
September 1177 because of arguments over who should rule the land if it was conquered
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When did the Byzantines form a truce with Saladin?
1181
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What happened in 1182 that showed poor relations between Byzantium and the Latins?
Andronicus Comnenus becomes Emperor and there is a massacre of Latins living and trading in Constantinople
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When were relations between the Venetians and Byzantines renewed after the massacres?
1185
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When was the second truce made between Byzantines and Saladin?
1185
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What did Emperor Isaac Angelos do that showed his resistance to the Third Crusade in 1189?
He allied with Saladin and agreed to oppose Frederick Barbarossa's passage through the empire
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When does Boniface of Montferrat meet Alexios IV for the first time?
December 1201
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When does Pope Innocent refuse to help Alexios IV?
February 1202
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When does Boniface of Montferrat and the French lords of the Fourth Crusade enter into negotiations to help Alexios IV?
September 1202
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What happens in January 1203 that makes the Crusade likely to help Alexios IV?
Envoys from Philip of Swabia on behalf of Alexios arrive in Zara begging the crusade for help, he promised to place the Greek Church in obedience to Rome, join the crusade with 10,000 men, maintain 500 knights in the holy land and pay them 200,000 ma
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When did the Crusading barons sign a treaty committing the crusade to support Alexios?
February 1203
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What happened when the Fourth Crusade arrived on the Byzantine island of Corfu in April 1203?
The Byzantines attacked Venetian vessels and the crusade laid waste to half the island as they waited for Alexios
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When did it become clear that the Fourth Crusade would have to attack Constantinople?
June 1203 when the crusaders paraded Alexios IV but were not received peacefully as they thought
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When were Isaac and Alexios IV restored to their throne?
July 1203 and Alexios sent a letter of obedience to Rome
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Why do relations between Alexios and the Crusaders begin to break down in August 1203?
Alexios struggled to pay what he owed, keeping the crusade in his service until March 1204 and then asks them to leave the city fearing a riot. The Crusaders set fire to a Mosque which quickly gets out of hand
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When do the Crusaders offer Alexios an ultimatum to pay his debt and what happens after?
December 1203, which Alexios ignores and so the Crusade raided his land to pay themselves
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When and how did Alexios try and restore relations between the Crusaders?
January 1204 he invited Boniface to the palace, apologising and promising to pay, inviting them to occupy an imperial palace as collateral
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What significant event happens in February 1204?
Mourtzouphlus imprisons Alexios and declares himself emperor. He refused to pay the crusaders what Alexios owed and has him strangled
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When do the Crusaders attack Constantinople?
April 1204
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What happened when Alexios V fled the city?
The crusaders took it and sacked it for 3 days
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What land did the Byzantines manage to hold onto?
The Empire of Trebizond and the Black Sea coast of Anatolia, the Empire of Nicaea and the Despotate of Epirus in North West Greece
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why did Baldwin IV renew ties with Byzantium in 1176?

Back

Aimed for a new attack on Egypt

Card 3

Front

What did Reynald of Chatillon negotiate with Emperor Manuel in Winter 1176-77?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When did a Greek fleet arrive in Acre and why did no attack on Egypt occur?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did the Byzantines form a truce with Saladin?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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