Cell Biology 3S.2

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Ribosomes
synthesize proteins
1 of 17
Golgi apparatus
modify proteins and adds lipids
2 of 17
mitochondria and chloroplast
generate ATP
3 of 17
lysosomes
degrade intracellular organelles and particles uptake from outside cell
4 of 17
endosomes
uptake minerals from outside cells
5 of 17
peroxisomes
the compartments implicated in oxidation reactions
6 of 17
What are the two folding structures?
a helix and b pleated
7 of 17
how can integral membrane proteins be extracted?
by dissolving the membrane in detergent
8 of 17
Topological challenge
The inside of the endomembrane system is topologically equivalent to the extracellular space
9 of 17
specificity challenge
each protein has to reach the right organelle
10 of 17
How many sites are their for protein synthesis?
2; rough ER and free ribsomes in cytosol
11 of 17
Gated transport;
proteins pass through the nucleus
12 of 17
Protein translocation;
across membrane from cytosol to specific organelles
13 of 17
Vesicular transport;
membrane enclosed transport from one organelle to another
14 of 17
What are nuclear localisation signals reponsible for?
the selective import of proteins into the nucleus
15 of 17
what does the ER store?
ca2+
16 of 17
what conditions (ph) do lysosomes work at?
acidic
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Golgi apparatus

Back

modify proteins and adds lipids

Card 3

Front

mitochondria and chloroplast

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

lysosomes

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

endosomes

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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