Child Development

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What is the average birth weight?
It is now around 7lb 8oz for boys, and 7lb 4oz for girls
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What is the average birth length?
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When you stroke or touch the corner of a baby's mouth, they turn their head and open their mouth to prepare for the breast or bottle ready to feed.
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What are the advantages breast feeding?
Its free and convenient, helps bonding,helps the mother to regain her figure faster, helps the mothers uterus return to its previous size, is easy to digest,contains antibodies, contains the current balance of nutrience.
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what are the disadvantages of breast feeding?
embarrassment, it can be tiring, not enough milk is produced, it can be difficult to return to work and go out, sore, inverted *******.
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**** reflex- When the roof of a baby's mouth has been touched, the baby will begin to ****.
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mono relfex- it usually occurs when a baby is startled by a loud sound or movement. In response to the sound, the baby throws their head, extends their arms and legs, cries and pulls their legs and arms back in. Hoping someone will catch them.
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Tonic neck relfex- When a baby's head is turned to one side, the arm on that side stretches out and the opposite arm bends up at the elbow. This is often called the "fencing" position.
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Grasp reflex- Stroking the palm of a baby's hand causes the baby to close his/her fingers in a grasp. The grasp reflex lasts only a couple of months and is stronger in premature babies.
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Babinski reflex - When the sole of the foot is firmly stroked, the big toe bends back toward the top of the foot and the other toes fan out. This is a normal reflex up to about 2 years of age.
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Step reflex - This reflex is also called the walking or dance reflex because a baby appears to take steps or dance when held upright with his/her feet touching a solid surface.
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What are the advantages of bottle feeding?
Bottle-fed babies need to be fed less frequently since it is more difficult to digest.-If you are bottle feeding your baby, you know exactly how much milk your baby has had.-other people can feed the baby.-No embarrasment.
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What are the disadvantages of bottle feed?
- expensive. -It takes time. -Hassling. -Indigestion, It has been observed that children who are fed with bottle suffer from indigestion and gas most often.
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The importance of milk in a child's diet
contains calcium- which helps their bones to develop and would make your bones stronger, they would less likely to have any troubles with their bones when they are older.
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What is weaning?
depending on the child, you could start weaning when ever your child isnt satafied with milk anymore, you get them to have solid foods.(generally 6 months)
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Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), also known as cot death, is the sudden, unexpected and unexplained death.
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Gross motor skills
Gross motor skills are larger movements your baby makes with his arms, legs, or feet, or his entire body. So crawling, running and jumping are gross motor skills.
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Fine motor skills
Fine motor skills are smaller actions. When your baby picks things up between his finger and thumb or wriggles his toes in the sand he's using his fine motor skills. But it's not just about fingers and toes. It can be tongue and lips.
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Safe Storage of food
Some foods need to be kept in the fridge to help stop bacteria growing. These include foods with a "use-by" date, cooked foods and ready-to-eat foods such as desserts and cooked meats
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Development milestones4-5
Movement milestones-•Stands on one foot for ten seconds or longer•Hops, somersaults•Swings, climbs•May be able to skip
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Development milestones4-5
Milestones in hand and finger skills-•Copies triangle and other geometric patterns•Draws person with body•Dresses and undresses without assistance•Uses fork, spoon, and (sometimes) a table knife.
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Development milestones4-5
Language milestones-•Says name and address•Speaks sentences of more than five words•Recalls part of a story•Uses future tense
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Development milestones4-5
Cognitive milestones-•Can count ten or more objects•Correctly names at least four colors•Better understands the concept of time•Knows about things used every day in the home (money, food, appliances)
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Development milestones4-5
Social and emotional milestones-•Wants to please friends•More likely to agree to rules•Likes to sing, dance, and act•Shows more independence and may even visit a next-door neighbor by herself•Aware of sexuality
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Healthy eating
Healthy eating means eating a wide variety of nutritious foods from all of the food groups. These foods contain lots of vitamins, minerals and fibre. Eating a wide variety of foods from all food groups will help you grow.
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Immunizations have helped children stay healthy for more than 50 years. They are safe and they work.Vaccinations have reduced the number of infections from vaccine-preventable diseases by more than 90%!
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The importance of discipling your child
Unfortunately, without age appropriate discipline, children don’t gain the skills they need later in life. It is important to be a parent to a child, rather than their friend.-Discipline Teaches How to Make Good Choices
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Discipline Teaches Kids to Manage Emotions.-Discipline Keeps Kids Safe.-Instead, a successful parent can be confident that their child will be ready for adulthood. When children get necessary discipline they learn the skills to be a responsible adult
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What is the average birth length?



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