Criminology Quiz

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  • Created by: Jacob213
  • Created on: 20-02-18 13:47

1. Rational Choice Theory

  • The theory that people commit crimes by their own choice and it makes them their own agency of control.
  • The theory that people commit crimes because of their environment.
  • The theory that people commit crimes because of their biology.
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2. How do the formal sanctions count as forms of external social control?

  • They punish people for deviant behavior in different ways.
  • Their presence in the street can deter people from committing crime.
  • They are violent about keeping control.

3. What is retribution in terms of the prison system?

  • The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done.
  • The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so that they will not commit crimes again.
  • The idea that punishments are needed to protect ordinary members of society.
  • The idea that punishments should put people off the idea of committing crimes

4. What is indirect reinforcement?

  • When positive or negative actions are learnt from internalized morals.
  • When you observe someone else receiving a positive or negative reinforcement for an action and learn whether to carry out the actions or not.
  • When certain behaviors are performed and rewarded or removes something unpleasant.

5. What is a pressure group?

  • A group that puts pressure on the government to make laws and change existing ones
  • A group that pressures people into joining them.
  • A group that puts pressure on the government just to inconvenience them.

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