1. Rational Choice Theory
- The theory that people commit crimes by their own choice and it makes them their own agency of control.
- The theory that people commit crimes because of their environment.
- The theory that people commit crimes because of their biology.
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2. How do the formal sanctions count as forms of external social control?
- They punish people for deviant behavior in different ways.
- Their presence in the street can deter people from committing crime.
- They are violent about keeping control.
3. What is retribution in terms of the prison system?
- The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done.
- The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so that they will not commit crimes again.
- The idea that punishments are needed to protect ordinary members of society.
- The idea that punishments should put people off the idea of committing crimes
4. What is indirect reinforcement?
- When positive or negative actions are learnt from internalized morals.
- When you observe someone else receiving a positive or negative reinforcement for an action and learn whether to carry out the actions or not.
- When certain behaviors are performed and rewarded or removes something unpleasant.
5. What is a pressure group?
- A group that puts pressure on the government to make laws and change existing ones
- A group that pressures people into joining them.
- A group that puts pressure on the government just to inconvenience them.