Development of personality

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  • Created by: Sasha
  • Created on: 27-05-13 20:10
What is personality?
The thoughts, feelings and behaviours of an individual that make us feel unique.
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What is temperament?
The genetic component of personality.
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What is a monozygotic twin?
Twins that developed from one fertilised egg (identical).
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What is a dizygotic twin?
Twins that developed from two separately fertilised eggs.
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What is the type theory?
That personality types are thought to be inherited. They can be described using related traits.
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What is extroversion?
A personality type that decribes people who look to the outside world for entertainment.
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What is introversion?
A personality type that describes people who are content with their own company.
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What is neuroticism?
A personality type that describes people who are highly emotional and show a a quick, intense reaction to fear.
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What are personality scales?
Ways of measuring personality using questions.
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What is psychoticism?
A third dimension identified by Eysenck. People who score high in this dimension are hostile, aggressive,insensitive and cruel.
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What is APD?
A condition in which does not use socially acceptable behaviour or consider the rights of others.
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What is the amygdala?
It is a oart of the brain and it is involved in emotion.
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What is the prefrontal cortex?
The very front of the brain. It is grey matter. It is involved in social and moral behaviour and controls aggression.
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Buss and Plomin investigated temperament, what were their results?
There was a closer correlation between the scores of the monozygotic twins than between the dizygotic twins.
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Eysenck investigated personality, what was his method?
Each soldier completed a questionnaire. Eysenck analysed the results using a statistical technique called a factor analysis.
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What is the EPI?
The scale Eysenck used to measure the dimensions of personality (extroversion-introversion and neutrotcism-stability).
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What is the EPQ?
The scale Eysenck used to measure psychoticism, plus the other dimensions.
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What are two characteristics of APD?
1. Being deceitful by lying, conning others and using aliases. 2. Not following the norms and laws of society.
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Ranie et al. investigated the biological causes of APD, what was their results?
The APD group had and 11% reduction in prefrontal grey matter compared with the control group.
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Elander et al. investigated the situation causes of APD, what was their results?
Elander et al. found that childhood hyperactivity, conduct disorder, low IQ and reading problems were strong predictors of APD and criminality in adult life.
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Card 2

Front

What is temperament?

Back

The genetic component of personality.

Card 3

Front

What is a monozygotic twin?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What is a dizygotic twin?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the type theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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