Education - Psychology

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1. Define the meaning of Vygotsky's ZPD

  • The child is capable of solving more advanced problems but requires 'scaffolding' to get there
  • The child is capable of solving more advanced problems and are able to get there themselves with some time
  • The child is not capable of solving more advanced problems without being shown first
  • The child is not capable of solving more advanced problems without being told how to do it fully
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2. Define Piaget's 'accommodation'

  • This happens when we radically change our schemas because we have learnt something new that doesn't fit into any existing schemas.
  • This is when we learn something new that doesn't fit with anything existing so we ignore the new information
  • This is when we learn something new that doesn't fit with anything existing so we forgot what we already know
  • Accommodation is where we learn something new that doesn't fit with existing schemas so we decide whether we want to learn it or not

3. Outline a limitation to behaviourism

  • It ignores external factors, people don't always respond the same way and people can learn without reinforcement
  • It ignores internal processes, people don't always respond the same way and people can learn without reinforcement
  • It ignores internal processes, people always respond the same way and people can learn without reinforcement
  • It ignores internal processes, people don't always respond the same way and people can learn without anything

4. Why was constructivism formed?

  • They thought behaviourism didn't focus enough on humans
  • Due to the lack of attention by behaviourists into what is going on inside the student's head during learning
  • They thought behaviourism didn't focus enough on education
  • They were unhappy that behaviourists didn't have enough focus on the external influences

5. What are some key principles of constructivism?

  • Children are passive, they passively construct their knowledge, they are active in making sense of information
  • Children are passive, they passively construct their knowledge, they are inactive in making sense of information
  • Children are not passive, they actively construct their knowledge, they are active in making sense of information
  • Children are not passive, they actively construct their knowledge, they need help making sense of information

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