Empirical Psychology Term Two Keywords

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  • Created by: PsycSaph
  • Created on: 03-04-19 16:09
Animal welfare
endorses the responsible use of animals to satisfy certain human needs
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alpha level
the probability of making a type I error
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Comparative psychology
scientific study of animal behaviour and cross-species comparisons
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Case study
an empirical enquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon in depth and within its real life context
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Clinical psychologist
treatment via manipulation in the therapeutic setting
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Clinical scientist
systematically gather info in order to describe, predict, explain and exert control over the phenomena they study
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Diagnosis
a way of classifying mental disorder which incorporates clinical phenomena and tentative hypothesis
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Effect size
a standardised measure of magnitude of an observed effect
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Habituation
learned not to respond to an unimportant event that occurs repeatedly
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Health promotion
process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health
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HARKing
hypothesizing after the results are known
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Preparedness
through evaluation animals have a genetic predisposition to learn
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Psychiatrist
a medical doctors able to prescribe drugs
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P value
the probability that the results occurred by chance alone
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P-hacking
: manipulating data to find the positive results that are more interesting and publishable
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Pre-registration
committing to a research protocol prior to beginning data collection and/or analysis
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Replacement
methods which avoid or replace the use of animals
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Reduction
methods which minimise the number of animals per experiment
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Refinement
methods which minimise animal suffering and improve welfare
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Registration reports
peer reviewed detailed protocols, with the journals commitment to publishers completed results
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Syndrome
when symptoms regularly occur together and follow particular course
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Statistical power
the likelihood that a study will detect an effect when there is an effect there to be detected
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Type I error
rejection of a true null hyp
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Type II error
acceptance of a false null hyp
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The OFS
a website for structuring projects, making data, materials and results available online and easing collaborations and replication efforts
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alpha level

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the probability of making a type I error

Card 3

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Comparative psychology

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Card 4

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Case study

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Card 5

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Clinical psychologist

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