Chapter 1 Key words

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  • Created by: Shylyfe2
  • Created on: 13-11-19 14:45
Contamination
The addition of something to food that is harmful to health if food is eaten
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Food Poisoning
An unpleasant and potentially severe illness caused by eating food that is either contaminated or naturally poisonous
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Pathogen
A micro-organism that causes harm to humans
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Spoilage
When food has become unpalatable, unfit, and unsafe to eat
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Germinate
When a seed or spore starts to grow and develop
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High-risk Foods
Foods that favour the growth and multiplication of micro-organisms
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Low-risk Foods
Foods that do not provide all the conditions that micro-organisms need to grow and multiply
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Spore
A protective outer coating formed round a bacterial cell, in which the bacterium remains inactive until the right conditions for growth return
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Spore
A tiny reproductive unit produced by moulds to allow them to spread and multiply
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Toxins
Another name for poisons
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Catalyst
A chemical substance that speeds up chemical reactions
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Decomposition
The process of a dead plant or animal decaying
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Enzymes
protein substances that act as catalysts and speed up chemical reactions in plants and animals
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Micro-organisms
Tiny forms of life that include bacteria, moulds, and yeasts
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Oxidation
When substances combine with oxygen
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Pests
Groups of animals that cause food spoilage and contamination
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Physical Spoilage
Food spoilage caused by bruising, freezer burn, or dampness
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Ripening
Chemical reactions, caused by enzymes that develop and mature the colour, flavour, aroma, and texture of foods
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

An unpleasant and potentially severe illness caused by eating food that is either contaminated or naturally poisonous

Back

Food Poisoning

Card 3

Front

A micro-organism that causes harm to humans

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

When food has become unpalatable, unfit, and unsafe to eat

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When a seed or spore starts to grow and develop

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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