Mechanical and Physical Properties

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Compressive Strength
Mechanical - The ability to withstand being crushed or shortened by pushing forces.
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Tensile Strength
Mechanical - The ability to resist stretching or pulling forces.
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Bending Strength
Mechanical - The ability to resist forces that may bend the material.
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Shear Strength
Mechanical - The ability to resist sliding forces on a parallel plane.
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Torsional Strength
Mechanical - The ability to withstand twisting forces from applied torque or torsion.
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Hardness
Mechanical - The ability to resist abrasive wear such as scratching, surface indentation or cutting.
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Toughness
Mechanical - The ability to absorb impact force without fracture.
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Plasticity
Mechanical - The ability to be permanently deformed and retain the deformed shape,
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Ductility
Mechanical - The ability to be drawn out under tension, reducing the cross-sectional area without cracking, or example stretching a material into a wire.
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Malleability
Mechanical - The ability to withstand deformation by compression without cracking; malleability increases with a rise in temperature.
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Elasticity
Mechanical - The ability to be deformed and then return to the original shape when the force is removed.
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Density
Physical - The mass of the material in a standard volume of space.
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Fusibility
Physical - The ability of the material to be fused or converted from a solid to a liquid or molten state, usually by heat. Good fusibility is an essential property for a metal being cast.
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Magnetism
Physical - The natural force between objects that causes the material to attract iron or steels.
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Corrosion/Degradation Resistance
Physical - The ability of the material to withstand environmental attack and decay.
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Electrical Conductor
Electrical - Allows the flow of electrical current through the material. A good conductor gives very little resistance to the flow of charge.
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Electrical Insulator
Electrical - Does not allow the flow of electricity through the material.
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Thermal Conductor
Thermal- Allows the transfer of heat energy through the material. A material with high thermal conductivity allows the transfer or heat to occur quickly across the material.
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Thermal Insulator
Thermal - Prevents the transfer f heat through the material.
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Thermal Expansion
Thermal - The increase in material volume in response to a heat input.
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Opaque
Optical - Prevents light from travelling through.
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Translucent
Optical - Allows light through but diffuses the light so that objects appear blurred; frosted glass is an example of this.
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Transparent
Optical - Allows light to pass through easily, which means you can see clearly through the material.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Mechanical - The ability to resist stretching or pulling forces.

Back

Tensile Strength

Card 3

Front

Mechanical - The ability to resist forces that may bend the material.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Mechanical - The ability to resist sliding forces on a parallel plane.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Mechanical - The ability to withstand twisting forces from applied torque or torsion.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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