Humanities Keywords: Global Inequality

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Absolute Poverty
An individual lacking the basic needs to survive e.g. food, safe drinking water, sanitation, health, shelter, education and information
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Relative Poverty
An individual living on less than half the national average income of the society they live in. This depends on the society the person lives in
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GNP
Gross National Product: Total income from goods and services in a country including income from overseas
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GDP
Gross Domestic Product: Total Income from goods and services in a country not including income from overseas
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HDI
Human Development Indicators
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Calorie Intake
Amount of calories obtained from food per person per day
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Occupation
Jobs people do, measured by the percentage of the population working in agriculture
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Literacy Rate
The percentage of adults who can read and write simple sentences
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Infant Mortality Rate
The number of children who die before their first birthday, per 1,000 born
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People per doctor
The total population divided by the number of qualified doctors
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Life expectancy
The average length of time a person is expected to live
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Colonialism
A policy where a country settles and exploits another country
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Give an example of colonialism
Britain over India
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Colony
A taken over settlement
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Former colonies
Countries that were owned but not now
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Colonial powers
The power used to take over the colony
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What is the opposite of trade deficit
Trade surplus
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Poverty Cycle
A set of factors such as low income and poor diet that cause poverty to continue
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Development trap
When countries are unable to develop or improve due to the poverty cycle
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MNC
Multi-National company: It is a business that manages production or delivers services in at least two countries, they may have HQ's in MEDCs and factories in LEDCs, the products are often recognised by global brands
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Globalisation
The increased movement of people, ideas, goods, services and money between people and countries all over the world
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Global Interdependence
People and countries throughout the world are now dependent on one and another
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Perception
A belief or idea you have of what something is like
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Stereotypes
An over-simplified mental picture or attitude held by the members of a group
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Bilateral Aid
given by one country to another
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Multilateral Aid
governments from MEDCs decide how the money is spent
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NGOs
Non Governmental organisations
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Humanitarian Aid
Given by governments or raised by NGOs
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Long term aid
Money given to LEDCs to encourage long-term economic growth
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Fair trade
sustainable trade and improved conditions for producers in LEDCs
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Fair trade foundation
Organisations that give the right to use the fair-trade logo
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Free trade
Without government tariffs and subsidies, prices and products determined by supply
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Debt Cancelation
Cancellation of debt is the relief from the burden of paying the original loan and interest
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Card 2

Front

An individual living on less than half the national average income of the society they live in. This depends on the society the person lives in

Back

Relative Poverty

Card 3

Front

Gross National Product: Total income from goods and services in a country including income from overseas

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Gross Domestic Product: Total Income from goods and services in a country not including income from overseas

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Human Development Indicators

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