Introduction to Evolution: Darwinism

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  • Created by: KayshaN
  • Created on: 09-10-19 17:22
Outline Darwins Theory of Natural Selection
individuals produced, not all survive, individuals vary, useful variations increase, variations inherited.
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What did the Ancient Greeks Believe regarding Evolution?
direction in evolution, complex better, variation around 'ideal form'
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What were the ideas of evolution in the Middle Ages?
christian, stasis, change dangerous.
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Middle Ages- AlBiruni said?
studied ganges, gradual changes in geology
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What were the ideas proposed by Linneaus?
species fixed, clear descriptions, bionomial naturae, similar
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What was William Paley's argument of complexity?
species are so complex that we must have a creator (e.g. a watch)
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What is Catastrophism?
world created with volcanos/storms that's how world changed.
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What is Uniformitarianism?
changed gradually, uniform, e.g. erroading
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Charles Lyell taught Darwin what?
That gradual change in the environment (Principles of Geology) Darwin said gradual change in organisms.
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Outline Lamarks Theory.
Changes in Environment change phonotype, characteristic is acquired, changes inherited by offspring, gradual change.
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Darwin's Ideas are called Pangenesis, describe this.
Parts of body has particles that combine in sex cells.
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Who was Fitzroy?
Captain of The Beagle
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Who was Malthus?
wrote essay on the overproduction of young, rising populations, family size should be regulated so can supply
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Who was Wallace?
came to same conlcusions as Darwin, joint published with him, however thought humans were superior and Natural Selection were not involved.
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Evolution Type 1: Micro Evolution?
change in gene frequency
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Evolution Type 2: Macro Evolution?
formation of new species
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How can Biological fitness=reproductive success be increased?
directly by genes that increase reproduction, indirectly by genes that affect survival
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Define Adaptive Radiation
change in group so that it can survive /be successful in environment/niche
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Card 2

Front

What did the Ancient Greeks Believe regarding Evolution?

Back

direction in evolution, complex better, variation around 'ideal form'

Card 3

Front

What were the ideas of evolution in the Middle Ages?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Middle Ages- AlBiruni said?

Back

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Card 5

Front

What were the ideas proposed by Linneaus?

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