Irenaean type theodicy

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  • Created by: Sc1602
  • Created on: 24-12-19 10:25
Who was Irenaeus?
an early Christian Bishop who wrote against the heresy of Gnosticism
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What was Irenaeus' main idea?
Humans are made imperfect so must grow towards perfection by making the proper response to God through Christ
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Irenaeus quote
"man should be made after the image and likeness of God, having received the knowledge of good and evil"
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The existence of evil is the deliberate action of...
an omnibenevolent God
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God wants humanity to develop...
qualities that will make them spiritually perfect
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Without evil, decisions in life would...
have no real value
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suffering makes us...
stronger and appreciate good more
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being able to choose good is important in...
achieving God's purpose for creation
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Where do Irenaeus' ideas comes from?
Genesis 1:26
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What does Genesis 1:26 say?
"then God said, "Let us make humankind in our image, according to our likeness""
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this life can be regarded as a place where...
we develop potential
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Good and evil help us to grow from God's image (possessing God's qualitites) to...
God's likeness (actualising these qualities)
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What analogy does Irenaeus use?
God as a craftsman who moulds us into perfection, using experiences both good and bad to mould us
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Those who resist God will...
be punished in the next life
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We should learn to act...
in faith towards God
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Not all qualities are intrinsic to human beings. Some moral qualities require development through...
experience and suffering (e.g. forgiveness)
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Who developed Irenaeus' ideas and developed them into a theodicy?
John Hick
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What was Hick's book called?
"Evil and the God of Love" (1966)
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Hick argued that in order to be truly free, humans are created at...
an epistemic distance from God
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What does Hick mean by an epistemic distance?
a distance not in terms of time and space, but in terms of knowledge
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Why couldn't God make us immediately aware of him?
it is goodness developed through choice that leads us to spiritual perfection, so we need to have true freedom in responding to God
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Hick argued that God's mercy would allow for all to...
achieve spiritual perfection, if not in this life, then in the next
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Hick uses the term soul-making theodicy because...
humans earn salvation through life's trials, and not just belief in a saviour figure
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was Irenaeus' main idea?

Back

Humans are made imperfect so must grow towards perfection by making the proper response to God through Christ

Card 3

Front

Irenaeus quote

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The existence of evil is the deliberate action of...

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

God wants humanity to develop...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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