Language Acquisition

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Nelson's First Words
Naming 60%, actions (verbs) 20%, describing (modifiers) 12%, personal/social 8%
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Eve Clark
Under extension and overextension based on feature such as taste, sound, movement, shape, size and textures. Shows children experience the world through the senses
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Jean Aitchison
Labelling, Packaging, Network Building
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Clark, Hutcheson and Van Buren
Children rely on non-linguistic messages , context, body language, context and past experience to learn language
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Eve Clark
Children find it hard to understand spatial adjectives
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Alan Cruttenden
Children are able to use intonation, but not understand it
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Berko
The 'Wug test'- used the 's' inflection to form the plural, displays internalisation
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Skinner- Behaviourist
The role of the parent is key, as they choose when to reward or punish. Positive reinforcement helps them learn. They have 2 reasons for learning language- getting what they want or praise
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Bruner- Social Interactionist
Nurture is responsible for language development. Suggest sphere is a language acquisition support system which care givers support children in learning language
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Lenneberg- Social Interactionist
Said before the ages of 5-6 language development is limited
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Vygotsky- Social Interactionist
Identified 2 significant factors- private speech (talk to themselves) and the zone of proximal development- need a care giver to interact (parents encourage them to speak)
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Tromsky- Social Interactionist
If parents speak incorrectly, child speak correctly generally
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Noam Chomsky- Nativist Theory
Ability to learn language is innate, from birth, children's brains are ready to understand what they hear and how language works, S+V+O.
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Jean Piaget- Cognitive
As children develop they need to develop mental abilities before they can acquire different aspects of language. Egocentric , object permanence- they know things exist without seeing them, abstract concepts- more equipped to grasp concept of time
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Roger Brown
Adults correct children's lexical errors but not grammatical, yet children still acquire correct grammar
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Alison Clarke-Stewart
Children acquire wider vocabulary if mothers talk to them a lot
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Card 2

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Under extension and overextension based on feature such as taste, sound, movement, shape, size and textures. Shows children experience the world through the senses

Back

Eve Clark

Card 3

Front

Labelling, Packaging, Network Building

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Children rely on non-linguistic messages , context, body language, context and past experience to learn language

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Children find it hard to understand spatial adjectives

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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