Law Reform

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Why do we need a law reform?
public health we need it because society is changing and we have to adapt to new things peoples attitudes are changing
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What reasons are there for changes in the law?
Changing values in society Changes in society Advances in technology Greater need to protection of community Greater awareness of the need to protect rights Encouraging changes in values in society
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What happens when values and attitudes change?
when they change to such an extent that a law is no longer acceptable to the majority of people in society the law needs to change
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What is an example of a law change when values and attitudes change?
attitudes towards same sex marriage changed and lead to the introduction of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples Act 2013)
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What happens when there is a change in society? What is an example of this?
new laws can be created to cover specific changes in society e.g. the rise in acid attacks has lead to Amber Rudd promising to ban the sale of acid to under 18s
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Why might advances in technology change the law? What is an example of this?
New technology may require a change in the law e.g. Fertility treatments required regulation in the form of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990
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What might protection of the community change the law? What is an example of this?
need to protect individuals from harm (physical harm or unfair practises) as new situations arise new laws are required e.g. banning of mobile phones while driving
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Why might protection of rights change law? An example of this is?
when the protection of individuals rights are infringed and injustices are unable to be resolved through the law the law needs to change to deal with these injustices e.g. Consumer Rights Act 2015, Human Rights Act 1998
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What acts have encouraged changes in values in society?
The creation of certain hate crimes under the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 Legislation of homosexuality in Sexual Offences Act 1965
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What groups initiate law reform?
pressure groups media political parties royal commissions and public inquiries law commission
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What are the main political parties in the UK?
Conservative Party The Labour Party Liberal Democrats
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What do political parties seek in order to initiate the programme of law reform?
they seek the Government
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What does the party that gets elected set?
it sets the legislative agenda for Parliament
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What are Royal Commissions?
royal commissions and public inquiries are set up in response to specific events they are normally headed by a senior judge, they are generally named after the person heading the inquiry
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What is an example of public inquiries?
Macphearson inquiry - set up in to investigate racism in the police following the collapse of the trail and release of the killers of Stephen Lawrence Grenfell Tower Inquiry - Sir Martin Moore Brick
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Who was the law commission set up under?
it was set up in 1965 under the Law Commission Act 1965
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Who is responsible for referring areas of law for review?
The Lord Chancellor
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Card 2

Front

What reasons are there for changes in the law?

Back

Changing values in society Changes in society Advances in technology Greater need to protection of community Greater awareness of the need to protect rights Encouraging changes in values in society

Card 3

Front

What happens when values and attitudes change?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an example of a law change when values and attitudes change?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happens when there is a change in society? What is an example of this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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