Medical terms explained-letters A

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  • Created by: Keanna24
  • Created on: 21-05-20 20:34
Abdomen
The tummy area from the lower ribs to the pelvis.
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Abortion
Ending a pregnancy using either medicines or surgical procedure.
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Acute
Sudden and severe
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Adenomyosis
Endometriosis (where the cells of the womb are found in the pelvis) in the muscle wall of the uterus
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Adhesions
Scars that connects two or more body structures together.
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Amniosentesis
A way of testing the fluid surrounding a baby in the womb by taking a small sample with a needle put into the womb through the abdomen. It can be carried out after the 15th week of pregnancy, and can detect some conditions, like Down syndrome
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Amniotic fluid
The watery liquid surrounding and protecting the growing fetus in the uterus
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Amniotic sac
The pregnancy sac containing the baby and the amniotic fluid
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Anaemia
A condition when the level of haemoglobin, the protein in blood which carries oxygen round the body, is lower than normal. It can cause the heart to beat faster.
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Anaesthesia
A medical way of relieving pain
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Anal sphincter
The muscle around the anus that is squeezed to prevent passing wind or opening the bowels involuntarily.
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Anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that needs immediate treatment
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Antenatal (prenatal)
Before birth
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Anthracyclines
Antibiotic drugs used in cancer chemotherapy
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Antibiotics
Medicines to fight an infection caused by bacteria
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Antibody
Blood protein that helps fight attacks on the immune system, such as those caused by bacteria and viruses
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Anticoagulant medication
Medicines to reduce clotting in the blood vessels
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Antigen
A substance in the blood that helps trigger the immune system to develop antibodies
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Anti-inflammatory drugs
Medicines to stop or reduce swelling and redness
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Antiretroviral drugs/therapy
Medicines used to block the action of retroviruses (such as the HIV/AIDS virus) and the progress of infection
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Antispasmodic drugs
Drugs which relieve cramps or spasms of the stomach, intestines, bladder and womb
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Anus
The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.
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Assisted birth
When special instruments are used to help deliver the baby during the pushing part of labour
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Assisted contraception/ assisted reproductive techniques (ART)
Treatments to help people conceive a baby
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Autoimmune response
When the body produces antibodies which react against the body’s own tissues
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Ending a pregnancy using either medicines or surgical procedure.

Back

Abortion

Card 3

Front

Sudden and severe

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Endometriosis (where the cells of the womb are found in the pelvis) in the muscle wall of the uterus

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Scars that connects two or more body structures together.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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