Medieval Crime and Punishment 1250-1500

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What was considered a serious crime in the medieval period?
murder, stealing, ambushes
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Name at least 2 types of new crime that emerged during this time.
vagrancy, leaving the hundred without permission, scolding, treason, heresy
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Who were the most feared criminals?
outlaws who would ambush and rob
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Name one type of crime that was considered homicide during the medieval period.
suicide, murder, self-defence, accidental homicide, justifiable homicide
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Name one reason why homicide rates were high in the medieval period.
arguments (worse during harvest), heavy tools and no healthcare
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What was the role of a sheriff?
king's chief law enforcer, had an armed posse to track down criminals, took a share of murderer's property
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What sort of crimes were tried at royal courts?
most serious crimes
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How often did quarter sessions meet?
4 times a year
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Name 2 features of medieval juries.
used knowledge of accused's background to reach verdict; had to know as much as possible about a case before it went to court; judge accepted juror's decision; quite lenient on serious offences because punishments were harsh
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'From 1250-1500, law and order was the responsibility of wealthy individuals.' How far do you agree with this statement? Give reasons.
major law enforcement were wealthy, but they relied on non-wealthy to help find criminals, take arms, grass up criminals, and be jurors.
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What was a cucking stool and how was it used?
a sort of wooden toilet. Public humiliation = women accused of scolding had to sit on it
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What were medieval prisons like?
Wealthy = luxury room in castle. Poor = rotten bread, dirty water, sometimes chained outside. Had to pay gaoler for bedding, food and drink so depended on what the prisoner could afford
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What was the benefit of the clergy?
Could escape severe punishment. Only tried by Church, which did not execute. Punishment was reading verses from bible and being God for mercy.
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What was a king's approver?
a criminal who provided court with evidence against other criminals. If the others were found guilty the approver would be let off their sentence.
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Card 2

Front

Name at least 2 types of new crime that emerged during this time.

Back

vagrancy, leaving the hundred without permission, scolding, treason, heresy

Card 3

Front

Who were the most feared criminals?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name one type of crime that was considered homicide during the medieval period.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name one reason why homicide rates were high in the medieval period.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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