music revision

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  • Created by: chloe
  • Created on: 15-05-13 09:40
monophonic
a single melody line/tune played by many people
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homophonic
many melody lines/pitches, but only ONE rhythm playing
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polyphonic
many melody lines/tunes played by many people
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ostinato
a musical phrase/rhythm played over and over
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imitation
copying the tune or melody of another instrument or vocal part
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sequence
several repetitions of a melodic phrase in different pitches - moving up or down by step
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ternary form
A - B - A (3 sections with the first and last the same)
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binary form
a musical form consisting of two units (A and B) constructed to balance and complement each other
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rondo form
A B A C A structure
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strophic form
a song form in which the music composed for the initial stanza of text is repeated for each additional stanza (often with a chorus in between)
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variation form
Structure consisting of an initial theme (A) and a series of variations placed after it. Usually A, A', A'', A''' etc. Each variation varies one of the Elements of music slightly
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major
a key whose harmony is based on the major scale which sounds happy
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minor
a key based on the minor scale which sounds sad or depressing
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sonata form
The form most often used for the 1st movement of large works like symphonies and concertos. It is a large 3-part form, usually with an Introduction, Exposition (A), Development (B), and Recapitulation (A), with a coda to end.
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chromatic
motion by half steps; also describes harmony or melody that employs some of the sequential 12 pitches (semi-tones) in an octave - Chromatic nates are notes not in the key
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timbre
quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)
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tempo
the speed at which a composition is played
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texture
the interweaving of melodic and harmonic elements in the musical "fabric". It can be transparent, dense, thin, thick, heavy, light - Polyphonic, Homophonic, Monophonic etc
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structure
The way different sections a placed one after another - Binary Form, Ternary Form etc
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silence
rests played in music
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dynamics
how loud/quiet a piece of music is
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duration
The note lengths placed together to produce different rhythms - dotted rhythms, syncopated rhythms, repetitive rhythms, regular rhythms
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pitch
High and Lowness in music
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pulse
The regular or irregular BEAT in the music - relates to time signatures - 3 time, 4 time etc
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pentatonic
Music that only uses a scale with five-pitches
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cadence
the notes or chords ending a section of music with a feeling of conclusiveness
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plagal cadence
a IV - I cadence (frequently ending church music - sounlds like 'Amen') - (a fullstop cadence)
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perfect cadence
the chordal progression of dominant to tonic i.e. V-I (a fullstop cadence)
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pedal
A long note held in the bass part
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diminuendo
getting quieter
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crescendo
getting louder
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atonal
no key
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reverb
Electronically making the instrument or voice sound like it is in a large room - reverberating
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delay
Electronically making a sound repeat and die away (like in a cave or valley)
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EQ
Electronically making the bass sounds or treble sounds louder or softer
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distortion
Electronically distorting the sound
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tambura
bass Sitar with a drone
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sitar
A Indian string insrument which plays the melody
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tabla
A pair of Indian drums
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oritorio
Bible Story that is sang with an orchestra - religious opera
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symphony
A large piece for orchestra with 4 movements
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prelude
a short musical piece played as an introduction to a larger piece of music
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hexachord
series of six adjacent tones with a half step occuring between the third and fourth degree
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syncopation
A rhythmic idea not on the beat
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scalic passage
a tune that moves up or down by step
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muted
To muffle of dampen (quieten) the sound of an instrument
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harpsichord
A plucked keyboard instrument from the Baroque period of music
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bass
Low male voice
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tenor
high male voice
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alto
low female voice
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soprano
high female voice
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

many melody lines/pitches, but only ONE rhythm playing

Back

homophonic

Card 3

Front

many melody lines/tunes played by many people

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a musical phrase/rhythm played over and over

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

copying the tune or melody of another instrument or vocal part

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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