HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Louisa
  • Created on: 01-06-16 11:19
Nerve Cell
Cell capable of excitation, enables transmission of impulses
1 of 53
Glial Cell
Cell with supports, protects and provides nutrition
2 of 53
Structure and support, Maintain blood-brain barrier between CNS and general circulation, Repair neural tissue (like Satelite cells)
3 of 53
Produce myelin in CNS
4 of 53
Phagocytotic in CNS
5 of 53
Ependymal cells
Line central canal of spinal column, Produce and circulate CSF
6 of 53
Satelite Cells
Structure and support neuron cell bodies in PNS (like astrocytes)
7 of 53
Schwann Cells
Produce myelin in PNS
8 of 53
Outer surface of schwann cells which is able to regenerate slowly
9 of 53
Intrafusal muscle fibers
Non-contractile, contain stretch receptors, group= spindle, Nuclear bag & Nuclear chain
10 of 53
Nuclear Bag
Type of intrafusal muscle fibres, Contains Primary nerve endings which connect to 1a afferent neurones
11 of 53
Nuclear Chain
Type of intrafusal muscle fibre, Contains mostly Secondary nerve endings which connect with Group 2 afferent nerve fibres, also contains some Primary nerve endings-> 1a afferent
12 of 53
Ischaemic Stroke
Stroke caused by lack of blood/oxygen to the brain due to a blockage
13 of 53
Transischaemic Stroke
Small stroke caused by lack of blood/oxygen due to a blockage for less then 24 hours
14 of 53
Stroke caused by bleeding in or around the brain
15 of 53
Anterior Cerebral Artery
Supplies the Motor and Sensory cortex, Pre-frontal cortex (Follows Central sulcus)
16 of 53
Middle Cerebral Artery
Supplies the Frontal lobe, Lateral surface of Parietal and Temporal lobes (includes Wernike's & Broca's)
17 of 53
Posterior Cerebral Artery
Supplies Occipital lobe, Links carotid and vertebral blood supply
18 of 53
Central Sulcus
Separates Post and Pre-central gyrus
19 of 53
Lateral Fissure
Separates Temporal from Parietal and Frontal lobes
20 of 53
Parietal Lobe
Sensory, Post-central gyrus contains Somatosensory cortex
21 of 53
Temporal Lobe
Auditory, Temporal gyrus contains Auditory cortex
22 of 53
Occipital Lobe
Visual, Contains visual cortex
23 of 53
Coordinates movement via error detection and influence over descending tracts
24 of 53
Vestibulospinal Tracts
Influences posture and balance via muscle tone. Ipsilateral, Descending, Vestibular nuclei in pons/medulla->Ventral horn spinal cord-> Same side Limb
25 of 53
Reticulospinal Tracts
Exhib/Inhib influence on muscle reflex and tone. Ipsilateral, Descending, Reticular formation in pons/medulla-> Ventral horn spinal cord-> Same side Limb
26 of 53
Corticospinal Tracts
85% Contralateral, 15% Ipsilateral, Descending. Influences Voluntary and Skilled movement. Motor Cortex-> Ventral horn spinal column-> 85% decussates Pyramids-> Opp side limb (lateral tract), 15% ipsi (ventral tract)-> Same side Limb
27 of 53
Corticobulbar Tracts
Influences head, neck and face movement. Descending, Ipsilateral. Cortex->Medulla via ventral horn-> Same side Face
28 of 53
Rubrospinal Tracts
Influences Distal limb flexors. Descending, Contralateral. Red Nuclei in Mid-brain-> Decussates immediately-> Ventral horn Spinal Cord-> Opposite Limb
29 of 53
Spinothalamic Tract
Detects Pain, Temp, Pressure, Discriminitive touch. Ascending, Contralateral. Limb-> Dorsal horn Spinal Cord->Decussates Immediately-> Thalamus-> Motor Cortex
30 of 53
Spinocerebellar Tract
Detects change in Muscle Spindle Length, Ascending, ipsilateral. Limb-> Dorsal horn Spinal cord-> Pons-> Cerebellum
31 of 53
Dorsal Column
Detects Proprioception and Non-discriminiative touch. Ascending, Contralateral. Limb-> Dorsal horn Spinal cord-> Fasiculi Cunateus/ Gracilis-> Decussates at Thalamus-> Motor cortex
32 of 53
Uncoordinated movement
33 of 53
Anterior and Posterior Cerebral Lobes
Associated with Neocerebellum pathway (controls muscle coordination during unstereotyped movement)
34 of 53
Associated with Paleocerbellum pathway (corrective postural activity and muscle tone)
35 of 53
Flocculonodular Lobe
Associated with Archicerebellum pathway (Bilateral influence on posture)
36 of 53
Peter Likes Having **** Near Virgin Ladies Minges because they aren't coordinated. Pontine-> Lateral Hemisphere -> Dentate-> VL Thalamus-> Motor Cortex
37 of 53
Bull **** Vaginas Get Eaten Really Rarely. Both Spinocerbellar (Dorsal & ventral)-> Vermis-> Globose and Emboliform nuclei-> Red nuclei-> Rubrospinal
38 of 53
VR F F VR. Vestibular and Reticular Nuclei-> Flocculonodular lobe-> Fastigal Nuclei-> Vestibular and Reticular Nuclei-> Vestibular and Reticular descending pathways
39 of 53
Issues with speech due to facial weakness
40 of 53
Cerebral Spinal Fluid
Surrounds and protects the brain & spinal cord. Acts as shock absorber, transport medium and involved in homeostasis. Located between Pia and Arachnoid matter (meninges)
41 of 53
Basal Ganglia
In forebrain, Contains 5 subcortical nuclei, Controls movement, Prevents unwanted movement and Emotion
42 of 53
Substantia Niagra
Pars Compacta- Releases dopamine, Pars Reticulum- Input into Striatum
43 of 53
Globus Pallidus
Output from Basal Ganglia -> Thalamus
44 of 53
Direct Pathway
Encourages Movement
45 of 53
Indirect Pathway
Inhibits Movement
46 of 53
Slow movement
47 of 53
Increase in resistance to passive movement by flexors and extensors. 'Lead-pipe'- Gradual increase & 'Cog-wheel'- Rigidity, tremor series of catches
48 of 53
Regularly alternating involuntary movement of small amplitude
49 of 53
Large influx of Sodium INTO cell
50 of 53
Large efflux of Potassium OUT of cell
51 of 53
Reticular activating system
Ascending porting of reticular formation, contains sensory axons-> thalamus-> cortex. Most important function is conciousness
52 of 53
Layers in the brain. Most superficial-> Deepest. Dura mater, Arachnoid mater, (CSF), Pia mater
53 of 53

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Cell with supports, protects and provides nutrition


Glial Cell

Card 3


Structure and support, Maintain blood-brain barrier between CNS and general circulation, Repair neural tissue (like Satelite cells)


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Produce myelin in CNS


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Phagocytotic in CNS


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Neurology resources »