OCR A-level Organic Chemistry Reactions

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Benzene --> Chlorobenzene
Halogenation, Halogen Carrier catalyst
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Benzene --> Nitrobenzene
conc. HNO3, Reflux, 50 degrees, H2SO4 catalyst
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Nitrobenzene --> Phenylamine
Reduction, Tin, conc. HCl, Reflux , 100 degrees
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Benzene --> Alkylbenzene
Alkylation, haloalkane, halogen carrier catalyst
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Benzene --> Benzaldehyde
Acyl Chloride, Reflux at 60 degrees for 30 mins, halogen carrier catalyst
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Benzene --> Phenylketone
Acyl Chloride (c=o not on the end), reflux, halogen carrier catalyst
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Phenol --> 2,4,6-Tribromophenol
Br2, RTP= triple sub
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Phenol --> 2- Nitrophenol + 4-Nitrophenol
HNO3, (dilute= 1 sub, conc.= 3sub)
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Alkane --> Haloalkane
Radical Substitution, Cl2/Br2, UV light or 300 deg.
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Alkane --> Alkene
Cracking
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Alkene --> Alkane
Hydrogenation, H2, Ni catalyst, 150 deg.
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Alkene --> Haloalkane
Halogenation, halogen/ halogen halide, RTP
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Alkene --> Alcohol
Hydration, H2O, 300 deg., H3PO4 catalyst
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Alcohol --> Alkene
Dehydration, 170 deg., H2SO4 catalyst
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Primary Alcohol --> Aldehyde
Oxidation, K2Cr2O7/H2SO4, distillation
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Aldehyde --> Primary Alcohol
Reduction, NaBH4
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Primary Alcohol --> Carboxylic Acid
Oxidation, K2CR2O7/H2SO4, reflux
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Secondary Alcohol --> Ketone
Oxidation, K2CR2O7/H2SO4, reflux
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Ketone --> Secondary Alcohol
Reduction, NaBH4
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Alcohol --> Ester
Carboxylic Acid, reflux, conc. H2SO4 catalyst
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Alcohol--> Haloalkane
Hydrogen Halide, H2SO4 catalyst
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Haloalkane --> Alcohol
Hydrolysis, NaOH, Reflux
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Carboxylic Acid --> Acyl Chloride
SOCl2, RTP
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Acyl Chloride --> Carboxylic Acid
Hydrolysis, H2O
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Acyl Chloride --> Amide
NH3
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Amide --> Polyamide
Condensation Polymerisation
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Carboxylic Acid --> Ester
Alcohol, reflux, conc. H2SO4 catalyst
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Acyl Chloride --> Ester
Alcohol, RTP (higher yield as it isn't reversible)
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Ester --> Carbocylic Acid + Alcohol
Acid Hydrolysis, dilute HCl Catalyst, reflux
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Ester --> Carboxylate salt + Alcohol
Alkali Hydrolysis, Hot NaOH, reflux (carboxylate salt is a carboxylic acid with the H of the -OH replaced by a metal or ammonium ion)
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Ester --> Polyester
Condensation Polymerisation
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Polyester --> Carboxylic Acid + Alcohol
Acid Hydrolysis, dilute HCl catalyst, reflux
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Polyester --> Carboxylate Salt + Alcohol
Alkali Hydrolysis, Hot NaOH, reflux
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Haloalkane --> Amine
NH3, Ethanol, heat
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Haloalkane --> Nitrile
KCN, Ethanol, reflux
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Nitrile --> Amine
Reduction, H2, Ni catalyst, 150 deg. OR LiAlH4 Reducing Agent
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Amine --> Polyamide
Condensation Polymerisation, Dicarboxylic Acid
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Polyamide --> Dicarboxylic Acid + Diammonium Salt
Acid Hydrolysis, HCl, reflux (Acid hydrolysis is slower than alkali hydrolysis of polyamides
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Polyamide --> Dicarboxylate Salt + Diamine
Alkali Hydrolysis, Hot NaOH, reflux
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Aldehyde --> Hydroxynitrile
NaCN, acidic conditions
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Nitrile --> Carboxylic Acid
dilute HCl catalyst, reflux, acid hydrolysis
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Benzene --> Nitrobenzene

Back

conc. HNO3, Reflux, 50 degrees, H2SO4 catalyst

Card 3

Front

Nitrobenzene --> Phenylamine

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Benzene --> Alkylbenzene

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Benzene --> Benzaldehyde

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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