OCR PE B451

Questions for B451 revision 

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Name the 4 Key Concepts
Creativity, Performance, Creativity, Healthy Active Lifestyle
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Give a practical example of competence
Being fit enough and learning appropriate skills and applying them in a game
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What are the 6 fundamental motor skills?
Running, throwing, jumping, catching, kicking, hitting
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Give 2 decisions you might make as a performer
Deciding whether to pass/shoot, choosing to mark an opponent closely, choosing to defend space/player etc
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Give 2 decisions you may make as a leader/coach
Choosing the starting team, making a substitution, what drill to do in a warm up, what tactics to use
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Give 2 decisions you may make as an official
If conditions are safe to play in, enforce laws of the game, yellow/red card, award penalty
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What is etiquette and sportsmanship?
Codes of behavior which complement the rules of the game
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Give 5 examples of sportsmanship/etiquette
Shaking hands before/after game, helping injured opponent, don't be abusive, take defeat well, don't question officials, take others into consideration
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What are the components of fitness?
CV endurance, muscular endurance, speed, strength, flexibility
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Why is flexibility important for a healthy active lifestyle?
enables us to move quicker, less likely to get injured, reach for objects better
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What might a warm up involve?
Pulse raiser, dynamic and static stretches, real game situation drills, mental preparation, 8-10 second stretch on each muscle, build up work rate, control anxiety
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Why is a cool down important?
Gradually decreases heart rate, breathing rate and muscle temperature, prevents fatigue and blood pooling in veins, helps remove lactic acid, lowers anxiety
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What might a cool down involve?
Light aerobic exercise, light stretching 20-30 seconds each muscle, re hydration, able to talk easily when exercising
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What are the characteristics of skillful movement?
Efficient, Predetermined, Coordinated, Fluent, Aesthetic
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What are the characteristics of an unskilled performer?
Wastes effort, slow, confused, looks awkward, rarely successful, incorrect technique
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Why is goal setting important?
increases motivation, increases confidence, controls anxiety
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What are the 2 types of goals?
Performance and outcome
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Give 5 types of health screening
BMI, blood pressure, resting heart rate, family history, health questionnaire
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How else can we test someone's readiness for exercise?
CV endurance, strength, speed, flexibility
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What factors must be taken into account when carrying out tests?
Amount of sleep, accuracy of measurements, temperature, time of day, skill of tester
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What are the components of a healthy diet?
Carbs, fats, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre, water
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What are the characteristics of a healthy lifestyle?
Healthy balanced diet, regular exercise, healthy body weight, not smoking, low stress, sensible alcohol consumption
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What general factors affect performance and participation?
Age, gender, disability, alcohol consumption, smoking, over/under eating, performance enhancing drugs
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How can disability have a positive effect on participation?
Increased motivation, more opportunities to compete at higher level, gives you a sense of purpose, increase confidence
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What problems are associated with blood doping?
risk of HIV/AIDS from injections, heart problems, increase blood pressure, kidney failure, sense of guilt, ban
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What problems are associated with anabolic steroids?
Tumours in liver and kidneys, high blood pressure, acne, man ****, beards on women, aggression
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What are the indicators of well-being?
Satisfaction with life, access to green space, participation in many activities, positive mental health, positive and negative thoughts
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Name 5 methods of exercise and training
Circuit, aerobics, aqua aerobics, yoga, pilates
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What is aqua aerobics?
Aerobic exercise in water to reduce impact on bone, muscle and joints
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What is the recommended exercise for children and adults?
Kids - 1 hour a day Adults - 30 mins 5 times a week
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What are reasons for participation?
Health reasons, manage stress, feel good, live longer, improve image, loose weight, enjoyment, make friends, hobby
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What are reasons for non-participation?
Health reasons, disability, peer pressure, lack of time, lack of confidence, no role models, no access to facilities
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What negative impact can family have on participation?
Don't encourage/support, bad role models, can't afford fees, no transport
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What are the 5 key processes?
Developing skills, making and applying decisions, developing physical and mental capacity, evaluating and improving, making informed choices on an active healthy lifestyle
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What influence can school have on participation?
PE lessons, extra curricular, exam courses, links to clubs, sports days, matches
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What are the pathways for involvement in physical activity?
Regular participation, taking part in school/community sport, becoming coach working towards qualification, taking part in more complex activities, reaching highest possible standard, volunteering
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What is meant by 'taking part in more complex activities'?
Pushing yourself more and taking up personal challenges
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give a practical example of competence

Back

Being fit enough and learning appropriate skills and applying them in a game

Card 3

Front

What are the 6 fundamental motor skills?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give 2 decisions you might make as a performer

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give 2 decisions you may make as a leader/coach

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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