Pathology and Anthropology Definitions

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Proximate cause of death
initial injury that led to a sequence of events which caused death
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Immediate cause of death
Injury that finally killed the victim
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Hypostasis
The accumulation of fluid or blood in the lower parts of the body or organs under the influence of gravity, as occurs in cases of poor circulation or death
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Rigor Mortis
stiffening of the joints and muscles of a body a few hours after death, usually lasting from 1 hour to 4 days
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Algor mortis
the second stage of death is the change in body temperature post mortem until the ambient temperature is matched
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Putrefaction
The process of decay or rotting in a body or other organic matter
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Adipocere
A waxy substance formed by the decomposition of soft tissue in dead bodies subject to moisture
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VH-Potassium
Vitreous fluid is within the globe of the eye between the retina and lens. Relatively isolated from blood and other body fluids that are affected by post mortem changes such as redistribution and hemoconcentraion, resists putrefaction longer than BFs
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Abrasions
grazes and scratches
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Contusions
Bruises
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Lacerations
cuts or tears
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Incised wounds
slashes and stabs
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other
self inflicted, head and face injury, chest and abdominal injury
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Superior or cranial
towards the head end of the body; upper
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Inferior or cranial
away from the head; lower
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Anterior or ventral
front (knee cap located on the anterior side)
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Posterior or Dorsal
back (shoulder blades located on the posterior side)
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Medial
towards the midline of the body
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lateral
away from the midline of the body
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Proximal
towards or nearest the trunk or point of origin of a part
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Post Mortem
occurring after the death
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Peri mortem
occurring at the time of death
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Ante Mortem
occurring before the time of death
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Somatic death
cessation of vital life functions
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Cellular death
cell and tissue death, no metabolic activity, no aerobic respiration
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brain death
irreversible unresponsive to any stimuli, absence of spontaneous muscle activity an isoelectric EEG
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Patterned bruise
impact with hard, patterned object with ridges and grooves e.g tyre mark
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finger pad bruise
round oval larger than finger tips due to gripping by fingertips in forceful restraint
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Black eye (peri-orbital haematoma)
blow in the orbit, fractured skull
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suction bruise (love bite)
small petechiae caused by oral suction on the skin
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Tramline bruise
due to rod shaped weapon or stick, 2 parallel lines or bruising with an undamaged zone in the centre
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Injury that finally killed the victim

Back

Immediate cause of death

Card 3

Front

The accumulation of fluid or blood in the lower parts of the body or organs under the influence of gravity, as occurs in cases of poor circulation or death

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

stiffening of the joints and muscles of a body a few hours after death, usually lasting from 1 hour to 4 days

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the second stage of death is the change in body temperature post mortem until the ambient temperature is matched

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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