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  • Created on: 31-05-15 22:20
Personality ?
The thoughts feelings and behaviours that make an individual unique
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Temperament ?
The gentetic component of personality
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Longitudinal study
A study carried out to show how behaviour changes over time
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Temperament study
'Easy', 'difficult' and 'slow to warm up '
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Monozygotic twins
Developed from one egg
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Dizygotic twins
Developed from 2 separate fertilised eggs
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Eysecks theory
3 types of personality - extroverts introvert and neurotics
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Personality scales
Ways of measuring personality using yes or no questions
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What features does a psychoticism have ?
Hostile, aggressive, cruel, insensitive and lack in feelings
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Stable extrovert
Someone who is sociable, outgoing, talkative and carefree
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Unstable extrovert
Someone who is touchy, restless, aggressive, excitable
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Stable introvert
Someone who is calm, controlled, peaceful and careful
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Unstable introvert
Someone who is moody, anxious,quiet, unsociable
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A condition in which someone doesn't use socially acceptable behaviour and doesn't consider the rights of others
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Characteristics of someone with APD
Not following the laws do society, lying, conning others, aggressive,involved in fights, careless about own our others safety, irresponsible
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Biological causes of APD
Amygdala, prefrontal cortex, grey matter
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Involved in emotion - people with APD may be affected by this because they don't learn to avoid behaviour that harms others
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Prefrontal cortex
Involved in social and moral behaviour and controls aggression
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Grey matter
Outer layer of the brain involved in controlling muscles, emotion and senses like hearing memory and speech .
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People with APD have a reduction in ...
Grey matter so they are less likely to behave morally
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APD Study
MRI scans on 21 men with APD and 34 healthy men
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Evaluate APD study
Supports biological theory of APD, only studied males so can't generalise to females, participants were volenteers so may not have had APD
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Situational causes of APD
Low income so poor housing, poor parenting, low achievement in education
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Situational cause of APD study
Longitudinal study on 411 males - 41% males convicted crime between age of 10- 50
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Practice implications of APD
Can't decide on cause, difficult to treat, biological cause so can't be prevented, reducing childhood problems should reduce APD
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Temperament ?


The gentetic component of personality

Card 3


Longitudinal study


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Card 4


Temperament study


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Card 5


Monozygotic twins


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